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  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    The Horn of Africa and the Red Sea

    Recent developments in the Horn of Africa and current challenges: conflict, shifting political allegiances, and hunger

  • House of Commons Library

    Insight

    Sudan: The “forgotten” conflict

    After nearly a year of civil war in Sudan, around half the population needs humanitarian assistance. What is the current status of the conflict?

  • House of Commons Library

    Debate Pack

    Human rights and religious minorities in Sudan

    A debate on human rights and religious minorities in Sudan is scheduled for Thursday 23 February 2023 in Westminster Hall, from 1:30pm to 3:00pm. The debate will be led by Jim Shannon MP.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    UK response to unrest in Sudan

    How is the UK Government responding to the situation in Sudan?

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    Sudan: December 2017 update

    The civil war may have ended but peace in Sudan remains elusive. This Commons Library briefing paper looks at recent developments in Sudan including peace efforts, UK relations and the recent easing of sanctions by the US.

  • House of Commons Library

    Debate Pack

    Political situation in Sudan

    A Westminster Hall debate on the 'Political situation in Sudan’ has been scheduled for Thursday 20 June 2019, from 1:30-3:00pm. The debate will be led by Dr David Drew MP.

  • House of Commons Library

    Debate Pack

    Humanitarian situation in Sudan, Ethiopia and Tigray

    A Westminster Hall debate on the humanitarian situation in Ethiopia, Sudan and Tigray has been scheduled for Wednesday 3 November 2021, from 2.30-4:00pm. The debate has been initiated by Jeremy Corbyn MP.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    South Sudan: March 2019 update

    South Sudan was born in 2011. Since the moment of its birth, its people have been embroiled in turmoil, conflict and suffering. Although the civil war which has raged since 2013 has complex roots, observers attribute much of the blame to its leaders, President Salva Kiir Mayardit and former First Vice-President Riek Machar, who head up opposing political and armed factions of the ruling party. Over the last year or so, there have been renewed peace efforts. Could this mean peace at last?

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    Military coup in Sudan

    The armed forces take power in Sudan, removing President Omar al-Bashir from power. This short briefing paper looks at recent developments.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    Civil war in South Sudan: a primer

    South Sudan has been embroiled in a brutal civil war since December 2013. On one side is the government of President Salva Kiir Mayadit (Sudan People’s Liberation Movement) and its’ allies; on the other side is former Vice-President Riek Machar (Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-in-Opposition) and his backers. As some observers warned might happen at the time, the euphoria and optimism that attended South Sudan’s independence in July 2011 has quickly been shattered. At least 2.5 million people currently face crisis or emergency levels of food insecurity. 1.5 million people have been internally displaced. An estimated 60,000 people have been killed. With the price of oil down and oil exports in decline, the country’s economy is in a parlous condition. Peace talks have so far failed and observers now fear a return to all-out conflict.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    War and peace in South Sudan: March 2016 update

    South Sudan has been embroiled in a brutal civil war involving immense human suffering since December 2013. After numerous false starts, a peace deal was agreed in August 2015, but important elements are yet to be implemented.

  • House of Commons Library

    Debate Pack

    Hunger in the East and Horn of Africa

    A Westminster Hall debate on hunger in the East and Horn of Africa is scheduled for Tuesday 25 April 2023, from 9:30-11:00am. The debate will be led by Patrick Grady MP.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    Sudan and South Sudan: All-out war?

    On 9 July 2011, South Sudan formally seceded from Sudan. But many issues remain unresolved and there has been an upsurge in conflict since then in Abyei, Blue Nile and South Kordofan - known as the 'Three Areas'. This note surveys the many challenges still facing the 'two Sudans'.

  • House of Commons Library

    Insight

    Africa in 2024: Democracy and instability

    South Africa and Rwanda mark significant anniversaries and elections in 2024, and African countries and institutions are gaining influence on the world stage.

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