• Research Briefing

    UK Carbon Budgets

    A House of Commons Library Briefing Paper on the UK Carbon Budgets, including information on the Climate Change Act 2008, the Committee on Climate Change's proposals for the fifth carbon budget, the Government's Clean Growth Strategy and progress against carbon budgets. Information on the Paris Agreement and possible impact of Brexit is also included.

  • Debate Pack

    Spending of the Department for Education

    On 1 July 2019 there will be an Estimates Day debate on the spending of the Department for Education. The subject for this debate was selected by the Backbench Business Committee, following the publication of the 2019-20 Main Supply Estimates on 9 May 2019. The debate follows two applications to the Committee for debates on DFE spending: one from Robert Halfon MP (Conservative), chair of the Education Select Committee; James Frith MP (Labour), member of the Education Select Committee; Thelma Walker MP (Labour), member of the Education Select Committee; and Laura Smith MP (Labour); and another led by Anna Turley MP regarding spending on children’s services. This debate comes at a time when the Government has recently introduced a new funding formula for schools and follows a previous Estimates day debate on Education spending in February 2019.

  • Research Briefing

    Agriculture: Historical Statistics

    This note sets out important indicators of UK agriculture that have been published annually over this time. Together they give an indication of some of the ways that agriculture has changed in response to events over the last 100 years or more including the two world wars, the depression of the 1930s, the post-war boom and entry into the European Community. These long runs of data also give some historical context to more recent changes in agriculture including the dramatic fall in prices and farm incomes in the late 1990s, BSE and the outbreak of foot and mouth disease.

  • Research Briefing

    Returns to a degree

    This House of Commons library briefing looks at the returns of participation in higher education and the benefits of higher education for individuals and society in the context of the rise in participation in higher education, changes in demand for graduates and graduate employment prospects.

  • Debate Pack

    Spending of the Department for Education

    On 26 February 2019 there will be an Estimates Day debate on the spending of the Department for Education. The subject for this debate was selected by the Backbench Business Committee, following the publication of the 2018-19 Supplementary Estimates on 11 February 2019. The application to the Committee was made by Robert Halfon (Conservative), chair of the Education Select Committee, Meg Hillier (Labour), chair of the Committee of Public Accounts and Layla Moran, member of the Committee of Public Accounts and Liberal Democrat spokesperson on education.

  • Research Briefing

    Electricity grids

    This briefing introduces the electricity grid in Great Britain, how it is operated and balanced, and how it may change to meet future energy needs.