The UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement: Summary and implementation

An overview of the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement and the European Union (Future Relationship) Bill to implement it.

Background to the Trade and Cooperation Agreement

  • The path to the deal

    A brief overview of what was agreed and next steps, and a look back at how we got here.

  • Brexit timeline

    A timeline of the major events leading up to the EU referendum.

  • Northern Ireland Protocol

    The EU-UK Joint Committee agreed rules on how goods will move between Northern Ireland and Great Britain, including how they can avoid tariffs.

  • The Withdrawal Agreement

    The October 2019 EU UK Withdrawal Agreement and how it compares to the one negotiated by Theresa May's Government in November 2018.

Governance and dispute settlement

Movement and travel

  • Driving in the EU after Brexit

    There are new requirements for UK licence holders driving within the EU and for EU licence holders driving in the UK.

  • Mobile roaming

    Information about mobile roaming charges for UK customers after the end of the Brexit transition period.

  • Pet travel

    New rules for pet travel came into force on 1 January 2021.

  • Temporary Business Travel

    What has changed for UK and EU businesses and individuals who travel to sell services in each other’s market?

Industry and trade

  • Chemicals industry

    The impact of Brexit on the chemicals industry and UK Government plans for a separate UK REACH regime

  • Economic impact

    The potential short-term and long-term implications for the UK economy of the end of the Brexit transition period.

  • Fisheries

    The changes that took place for the fisheries industry on 1 January 2021 after the Brexit transition ended.

  • Level playing field

    The outcome of the UK and EU negotiations on commitments to have a level playing field – an important part of the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA).

Cross-cutting issues

  • The effect of Brexit on getting divorced

    An overview of the rules which affect getting divorced where there is a cross-border element, including divorces involving residents or nationals of EU Member States.

  • The Erasmus Programme

    On 24 December 2020 the Prime Minister announced that the UK would no longer participate in Erasmus+ and would develop its own replacement programme - the Turing Scheme.

  • Timeshares

    An overview of EU and UK regulation of timeshares and other long-term holiday products.

Research on Brexit and the EU

Explore more impartial research and analysis from the Commons Library on all issues related to Brexit and the EU.