The Common Travel Area and the special status of Irish nationals in UK law

The Common Travel Area is a special travel zone between the Republic of Ireland and the UK, Isle of Man and Channel Islands. It dates back to the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922. This briefing focuses on how the CTA operates between the UK and the Republic of Ireland.…

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No-deal Brexit: A guide to Commons Library research

The No-deal Brexit: A guide to Commons Library research is an annotated bibliography of sources published by the House of Commons Library on a potential no-deal Brexit. It will be updated regularly. Links to the papers included in the resource are available on this page, the downloadable version includes additional comment on some of the selected papers.…

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British citizenship by naturalisation

This briefing explores the process for adults to become British citizens by naturalisation under the British Nationality Act 1981. The briefing considers the current requirements for naturalisation and provides some historical context. It addresses the requirements for naturalisation including the good character requirement and the requirement to show knowledge of language and life in the UK. It also address naturalisation fees over the past decade. …

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Right to Rent: private landlords’ duty to carry out immigration status checks

This briefing paper provides an overview of Right to Rent checks which must be carried out by private landlords/agents in England. The checks were introduced by the Immigration Act 2014. Breaches may, in some circumstances, amount to a criminal offence after changes introduced by the Immigration Act 2016 on 1 December 2016. The checks are controversial and have been subject to legal challenge. …

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EU preparations for a no-deal Brexit

The EU and the other 27 Member States have been preparing for a possible no-deal, or ‘disorderly’, Brexit. The European Commission has had a no-deal preparedness plan which is now complete, and the EU27 have also been implementing their own preparations which will take effect if the UK leaves the EU without a withdrawal agreement at the end of October 2019. This paper looks at the EU preparedness programme and at some of the EU27 measures, particularly in the area of citizens’ rights.…

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Nationality and immigration requirements for the UK’s armed forces

This briefing paper outlines the nationality requirements for Commonwealth citizens to join the UK’s armed forces. It explores the immigration requirements for Commonwealth armed forces personnel on discharge, and the immigration requirements for non-EU family members of both Commonwealth and British armed forces personnel. …

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