The UK and EU agreed a revised Political Declaration on the framework for the future UK-EU relationship on 17 October. This Briefing provides an outline of the contents of the Declaration and the key changes in the revised text …Read more
Boris Johnson’s Government have negotiated a new ‘deal’ with the European Union. It is formed of a Political Declaration and a Withdrawal Agreement. This paper focuses on the Withdrawal Agreement and how it compares to the one negotiated by Theresa May’s Government in November 2018.
The main differences are in the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland or the ‘backstop’ as it is commonly known. It contains very different arrangements, the UK will no longer be in a single customs territory or union with the EU. The UK will no longer be legally bound to continue with level playing field commitments at the end of the transition period.
Northern Ireland will still be in the UK’s customs territory and VAT area, however, the region will align with the EU’s rules in these areas. Northern Ireland will remain mostly aligned to the EU’s regulations for goods. Four years after the end of the transition period Northern Ireland’s democratic institutions will vote on whether they wish to continue the arrangements in the Protocol.…Read more
The No-deal Brexit: A guide to Commons Library research is an annotated bibliography of sources published by the House of Commons Library on a potential no-deal Brexit. It will be updated regularly. Links to the papers included in the resource are available on this page, the downloadable version includes additional comment on some of the selected papers.…Read more
Between now and the end of 2020 more than 50 million new energy ‘smart meters’ are being rolled out to 30 million homes and smaller non-domestic sites in Great Britain.…Read more
This briefing looks in detail at the Withdrawal Agreement negotiated between the EU and UK and finalised on 14 November 2018. It was endorsed by EU Member State leaders at a special European Council summit on 25 November and the UK Prime Minister promoted it in the UK Parliament and around the country. The Agreement was debated at length in Parliament on several occasions and has been voted on three times. But the House of Commons has not endorsed it. A second extension of Article 50 took exit day to 31 October 2019, but once again the UK is faced with the possibility of leaving the EU without an agreement if this agreement or another one is not ratified by the UK and the EU. …Read more
This Commons Library Briefing Paper explains the powers that customers and water companies have in opting for charging with water meters. It also provides an overview of the relevant Government policy and legislation.…Read more
A Westminster Hall debate on the ‘Financial and ethical risks of investments in fossil fuel companies by pension funds’ has been scheduled for Wednesday 22 May 2019 from 2.30 pm. The debate has been initiated by Sir Edward Davey MP.…Read more
This Commons Library Briefing paper sets out sources of financial and practical help for constituents with domestic energy bills. …Read more
What could happen if the EU and UK negotiators don’t agree a withdrawal agreement in time and the UK has to leave the EU on 29 March 2019 without one – and with no framework for future relations either? This paper looks at how such a situation might come about, the constitutional implications for the UK and in some cases for the devolved administrations, and what the impact might be in a range of policy areas.…Read more
The suspension of nuclear projects, combined with policies limiting renewables, suggests the possibility of a low-carbon energy gap in the 2030s.…Read more
MPs will debate the Water Industry, on 22 January 2019 at 9.30am, in Westminster Hall. This House of Commons Library debate pack provides background information as well as parliamentary material, press articles, and further suggested reading. …Read more
This pack has been produced ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall on Wednesday 16 January 2019 from 2.30-4pm on the future of the British bioethanol industry. The debate will be opened by Nic Dakin MP.
Cavity wall insulation is an effective way to improve energy efficiency with the potential to reduce bills and carbon emissions, and the majority of installations occur without issue. However, the Library is aware of reports of constituent interest in CWI and the issue is raised in Parliament regularly. This briefing has been published to support these reasons and outlines some of the ways issues can be resolved.…Read more
This pack has been produced ahead of the general debate on Tuesday 11 December 2018 on fuel poverty. It covers fuel poverty statistics and policy for the regions of the UK. …Read more
This paper looks at the Political Declaration on the Framework for the Future Relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom, which was agreed by EU leaders on 25 November. …Read more
After spending most of the previous 25 years as a net exporter of energy the UK became a net importer in 2004. The gap between imports and exports has increased since 2004 and this looks set to continue to increase in the future. This, alongside higher fuel prices and increased concern over the security of energy supply has increased the attention on energy imports and exports.…Read more