The UK-EU future relationship negotiations: Level playing field

The so-called level playing field – rules on competition, state aid, taxation, labour and environmental standards, and climate change – are one of the main causes of disagreement between the UK and EU in the negotiations on their future partnership. This paper explains the commitments that both parties are proposing in these areas in order to come to a deal.…

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Economic regulation of the water industry in England and Wales

This briefing paper provides an overview of the economic regulation of the water industry in England and Wales. It provides an overview of the price review process that sets customer bills and water company service targets every 5-years. It includes a summary of the 2019 price review that followed increasing public scrutiny of the sector.…

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The UK-EU future relationship negotiations: summary of positions

The tables in this paper provide a summary of the UK and EU positions in the future relationship negotiations, based on their proposed draft treaty texts and other publicly available statements…

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The UK-EU future relationship: the March 2020 EU draft treaty and negotiations update

This paper provides an update on the first three rounds of negotiations on the future UK-EU relationship and analysis of the draft new partnership treaty tabled by the EU in March 2020…

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UK aid: frequently asked questions

What is aid? What is the UN 0.7% aid target and why has the UK adopted it? Which government departments spend UK aid? What impact does UK aid have? What will be the impact of Brexit on UK aid? These and other questions are answered in an accessible way in this briefing paper.…

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Coronavirus Act: Food supply

The Coronavirus Act provides powers to require information about food supply chains. The Government has said that it is collaborating with the food sector to manage the risk of disruption to supply chains, but that the Act provides powers in case requests for voluntary provision of information were not to be complied with in the future.…

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COP26: the international climate change conference, Glasgow, UK

A Library Briefing Paper on COP 26. This paper covers the lead up to the conference; the Government’s ongoing preparations for COP 26; and key Parliamentary scrutiny and stakeholder commentary. Information on other key international conferences on biodiversity and oceans is also included. It will be updated periodically to reflect developments throughout 2020/21. …

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Plastic Bags – The single use carrier bag charge

This Commons Library briefing paper provides information on the single use carrier bag charge in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, examines the legal basis for the charge, the exemptions and what will be done with the proceeds of the charge. It also examines the impact of the charges to date.…

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