The UK’s EU Withdrawal Agreement

This briefing looks in detail at the Withdrawal Agreement negotiated between the EU and UK and finalised on 14 November 2018. It was endorsed by EU Member State leaders at a special European Council summit on 25 November and the UK Prime Minister promoted it in the UK Parliament and around the country. The Agreement was debated at length in Parliament on several occasions and has been voted on three times. But the House of Commons has not endorsed it. A second extension of Article 50 took exit day to 31 October 2019, but once again the UK is faced with the possibility of leaving the EU without an agreement if this agreement or another one is not ratified by the UK and the EU. …

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Supporting clinical trials and the UK’s future clinical research capability

This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall at 1.30pm on Thursday 23 May 2019 on supporting clinical trials and the UK’s future clinical research capability. The subject for the debate has been selected by the Backbench Business Committee and the debate will be opened by Chris Green MP. …

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Animal Experiment Statistics

In 2017, there were 3.79 million procedures completed involving regulated living animals, which was the lowest annual number since 2010. This note summarises and analyses trends in data, including the growth of universities as the dominant seat of research on animals, the use of different species, and the decline of research for toxicological purposes.…

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Brexit and medicines regulation

This briefing paper provides an overview of current medicines regulation in the UK and EU, Brexit negotiations so far on this issue, and views on future regulation. It also discusses the potential impacts of a no deal Brexit scenario, and Government preparations for these.…

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What if there’s no Brexit deal?

What could happen if the EU and UK negotiators don’t agree a withdrawal agreement in time and the UK has to leave the EU on 29 March 2019 without one – and with no framework for future relations either? This paper looks at how such a situation might come about, the constitutional implications for the UK and in some cases for the devolved administrations, and what the impact might be in a range of policy areas.…

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The Political Declaration on the Framework for Future EU-UK Relations

This paper looks at the Political Declaration on the Framework for the Future Relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom, which was agreed by EU leaders on 25 November. …

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The Brexit White Paper on future relations and alternative proposals

The Government published its White Paper on future relations between the UK and the EU on 12 July. It envisages a ‘common rulebook’ to facilitate ‘frictionless’ trade, and among other things, UK cooperation in security matters, a commitment to maintain high environmental, data and consumer protection standards, UK participation in some EU agencies and solutions to the Irish border issues – all underpinned by a new governance structure that will pay “due regard” to the EU Court. Would the White Paper proposals work and do they respect both UK sovereignty and the indivisibility of the EU Single Market? David Davis’s ‘alternative’ white paper proposes a somewhat different future relationship. This paper looks at proposals in both documents.…

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Brexit: new guidelines on the framework for future EU-UK relations

Brexit negotiations have resumed and this third phase will cover issues outstanding from the last phases – the Irish border in particular – and the framework for future EU-UK relations. This paper looks at how the EU and the UK envisage their relationship after Brexit.…

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Connected and autonomous road vehicles

This paper considers some of the key implications of ‘connected and autonomous vehicles’ (CAVs) for the UK road transport sector. It includes discussion of the potential benefits of road-based CAVs; barriers to adoption; and the evolving regulatory framework. The paper also touches on wider considerations, including public perceptions and acceptance of so-called ‘self-driving’ technology; potential cyber security issues; and the labour market implications of vehicle automation.…

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