This dashboard has 2021 census data for England and Wales showing the country of birth of the population, by constituency. It reflects the population on 21 March 2021.

These figures are provisional estimates created by the Commons Library (see notes, below).

Our estimates are based on data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS). The ONS has currently published data by broad country groups. More detailed country of birth data is available for local authorities and regions on the ONS website.

Explore constituency data

Use the dropdown menu below to select the constituency you’re interested in and view statistics on the countries that residents were born in.

If you would like to access this information in an alternative format please email papers@parliament.uk and we will review your request.

Open a printable version

Download all data in Excel (2.1 MB)


Top 20 constituencies

Select an area of birth and see which constituencies have the highest proportion of their population born there.

If you would like to access this information in an alternative format please email papers@parliament.uk and we will review your request.

Open a printable version

Download all data in Excel (2.1 MB)


Definitions

Country of birth is different from nationality or residence.

In the census questionnaire, people were asked which country they were born in. Those who were not born in the UK were then asked to write in the current name of their country of birth.

The ONS has aggregated this data to give figures for wider country groupings. The table below explains the country of birth groupings used in this dashboard:

Country of birth grouping

Description

United Kingdom

England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland

EU14

Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden

EU8

Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia

EU2

Bulgaria, Romania

Other EU countries

Croatia, Cyprus, Malta

European, non-EU countries

Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cyprus (non-European Union), Faroe Islands, Georgia, Guernsey, Iceland, Isle of Man, Jersey, Kosovo, Liechtenstein, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, North, Macedonia, Norway, Russia, San Marino, Serbia, Switzerland, Svalbard and Jan Mayen, Turkey, Ukraine, Vatican City

Middle East and Asia

Continent of Asia and the following countries in the Middle East; Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Occupied Palestinian Territories, Yemen

Africa

Continent of Africa

The Americas and the Caribbean

North America, South America, Central America and the Caribbean

British Overseas Territories

All British Overseas Territories, regardless of location, apart from Gibraltar which is included in the EU14 category

Australasia and others

Antarctica, Oceania (including Australasia) and any other birthplaces not covered above

Notes

These figures are provisional estimates created by the House of Commons Library, which means they are subject to some uncertainty. The ONS will release final figures for constituencies in 2023 and we will update this dashboard then.

We have constructed these estimates by adding together ONS data for small geographies called Output Areas (OAs). The ONS adjusts the OA figures slightly to protect people’s privacy, so the constituency totals we’ve created aren’t completely accurate. The OAs also don’t precisely match the constituency boundaries, although they are a close approximation.

As of December 2022, the ONS has only released country of birth data for OAs using broad country groups, rather than for smaller regions or individual countries.

This means the data we have calculated for constituencies is limited to the same country groups. More detailed country of birth data is available for local authorities and regions on the ONS website.

Sources

ONS, 2021 Census, Table TS004; Commons Library calculations

ONS, Census 2021, National Statistics country classification, Groupings and correspondences download

Data updates

This dashboard uses 2021 census data. The 2021 census is currently the only source of constituency-level data on this topic, which means that there aren’t any major updates planned for the near future. However, we will update once more detailed country groupings are published by the ONS.

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