Coronavirus research

Read the latest coronavirus (Covid-19) research and analysis from the House of Commons Library.

Find quick-read articles and longer briefings on the Government’s response to the coronavirus and its impact on key sectors such as housing, employment, welfare, police powers, the economy and more.

For the latest information on how UK Parliament is reacting to the spread of the coronavirus visit the Parliament website.


Employment rights and the workplace

Research covering employment rights and the workplace during the coronavirus pandemic.

Empty seats on a plane

Coronavirus: Protections from redundancy

This Insight looks at what protections employees have from redundancy during the Covid-19 pandemic.

FAQs: Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme

Answers to a number of frequently asked questions on the Government’s Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme.

Coronavirus: Impact on the labour market

Upcoming official statistics which reflect the impact of coronavirus on the labour market and a summary of timely data.

Sign: come in, we're open

Coronavirus: Returning to work

The existing rules on attending a workplace and what rights workers have as it relates to health and safety.


Health and social care

Research and analysis about health and social care during the coronavirus outbreak.

Coronavirus: Testing for Covid-19

This briefing paper provides an overview of testing for Covid-19 in England

Coronavirus: Ventilator availability in the UK

Ventilator availability and procurement in the UK and a summary of government action.

Hospital exterior

Health and social care key issues and sources

An overview of key issues facing the NHS and social care services during the coronavirus outbreak.

Local authorities’ adult social care duties (the Care Act easements)

An overview of changes to local authority duties around the provision of adult social care during the coronavirus outbreak.


Welfare and support schemes

Research exploring the measures introduced to support households and individuals throughout the pandemic.

Coronavirus: Increases to benefits payments

This Insight explores the increases in Universal Credit and Working Tax Credit payments in response to the coronavirus crisis.

Coronavirus: Self-Employment Income Support Scheme

A briefing on the Self-employment Income Support Scheme (SEISS).

Aerial image of UK homes

Coronavirus: A ban on evictions and help for rough sleepers

Measures to assist households to retain their homes and the specific challenges faced by rough sleepers.

Calls to ease No Recourse to Public Funds conditions

There have been calls to suspend NRPF conditions in response to the pandemic.


Economy and business

Economic updates and research around schemes to support businesses during the Covid-19 ‘lockdown’.

Image shows an empty UK street.

Economic update: UK facing ‘severe recession’

Sharp falls in GDP, increases in claims for unemployment-related benefits, and increases in government borrowing.

Coronavirus: Effect on the economy and public finances

How the outbreak is affecting the economy and the policy measures introduced to mitigate the impact.

A row of small empty business premises on the left and right running parallel to one another

Businesses without premises and the Small Business Grant Scheme

This Insight explains why some businesses can and can’t access The Small Business Grant Scheme.

Coronavirus: Support for businesses

This briefing provides information on the various sources of support for businesses affected by the coronavirus outbreak.


Home affairs

Analysis and research on how emergency powers may affect areas such as policing, prisons, funerals and access to domestic abuse services during the coronavirus ‘lockdown’.

Coronavirus: The lockdown laws

This Commons Library briefing paper describes the law enforcing the UK’s coronavirus lockdown.

Coronavirus: Prisons (England and Wales)

This briefing explains the situation in prisons in response to the coronavirus pandemic.

A row of terraced houses

Coronavirus: Domestic abuse

This Insight explores how the coronavirus ‘lockdown’ could affect people at risk of domestic abuse.

Powers to direct between burials and cremation

This Insight explains the emergency powers in relation to how deaths might be managed during the Covid-19 pandemic.


Education, childcare and families

Research exploring the impact on childcare and education as a result of the coronavirus outbreak.

A student writes on a notepad

Coronavirus and schools: FAQs

This short briefing addresses some key issues and FAQs in relation to schools and the Coronavirus outbreak

Coronavirus: Childcare FAQs

This briefing provides information in response to some key questions relating to childcare during the coronavirus outbreak.

Implications for the further and higher education sectors

An update around the post-18 education sector including the Government support package for universities and students.

Separated Families and Contact with Children in Care FAQs

The impact of coronavirus on separated families, maintenance arrangements and access to children.


Government and Parliament

Research and analysis explaining parliamentary consent, the Coronavirus Bill, and how the pandemic may affect Brexit.

Image showing a calculator and spreadsheet

Coronavirus: Support for local government

The financial support available to local authorities in the wake of the coronavirus outbreak.

Coronavirus Bill: An Overview

A set of briefings about the Coronavirus Bill, part of the Government’s response to the coronavirus outbreak.

Aerial image of UK homes

Parliamentary consent for the lockdown in England

This Insight explains the motion to approve the legislation that underpins the current ‘lockdown’ in England.

A British flag and EU flag side by side outside a red brick building

Coronavirus: Is it possible to extend the Brexit transition period?

Examining the legal and procedural hurdles to any extension of the post-Brexit transition period.


Around the world

Analysis on the response to coronavirus from across the world.

concrete buildings and houses

Coronavirus and the Occupied Palestinian Territories 

This Insight looks at the main challenges facing the OPTs in responding to the coronavirus crisis.

Coronavirus: Support for economies by European and other states

The policies put in place by the EU, governments in Europe, the US and other developed countries.

Libya: upsurge of violence amid the pandemic

Over the last year conflict has intensified, with a recent surge in violence despite the threat presented by the coronavirus.

Coronavirus: Conflict zones and refugees in the Middle East

Experts warn there could be a coronavirus catastrophe in the Middle East, especially in conflict zones and among refugees.


Research from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST)

Find the latest reporting on the Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (SAGE) papers and Covid-19 vaccines.

COVID-19 and international approaches to exiting lockdown

The approach to exiting lockdown from countries across the world.

Social distancing strategies for Covid-19

Exploring social distancing strategies including the ‘cluster’ and ‘light switch’ approaches.

Mental health and well-being during the Covid-19 outbreak

Issues relating to mental health and well-being during the coronavirus outbreak.


Research from the Lords Library

Find briefings and blogs produced to support the work of the House of Lords in scrutinising and debating the Government’s response to coronavirus.

Coronavirus: The impact on mental health

How the coronavirus outbreak has affected mental health.

Coronavirus: Profiteering during the pandemic

The Covid-19 outbreak in the UK has seen short-term shortages in some retail goods.

Covid-19: International Response

How a range of international bodies and coalitions are responding to the Covid-19 pandemic.