The start of the pandemic caused high unemployment, low vacancies and falling wages, but since then a combination of lockdowns, the furlough scheme, remote working and the unequal impacts of the pandemic has meant new and sometimes puzzling trends in the labour market.

This Insight series examines how the labour market changed in different lockdown periods and answers questions such as: who entered and left the labour market and why? What did lockdowns mean for wages?  Which industries were most affected? And what will the legacy of the furlough scheme be?

We also discuss what the labour market might look like over 2022 and the forecasted fall in wages.

The UK labour market during the Covid-19 pandemic

Insights on the UK labour market during the pandemic

Coronavirus research

Read the latest coronavirus (Covid-19) research and analysis from the Commons Library and other parliamentary research services.