This morning, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) published new earnings data showing differences in pay across parliamentary constituencies, as illustrated in the map below. The Median weekly pay of full-time employees was highest for people living in London (at £621 per week in April 2015) and lowest in Yorkshire and the Humber (£481 per week).
The map shows earnings levels for full-time employees living in each constituency. (The median is the point at which half of employees earn more, and half earn less. Northern Ireland constituency results are yet to be published.)
Earnings by region – changes since 2014
In Northern Ireland, median full-time employee pay increased by 5.4% between April 2014 and April 2015, the largest increase of any UK country or region. Median pay was up 2.3% in the West Midlands and 2.2% in the East.
Median earnings of full-time employees increased in all regions and countries of the UK, but the smallest changes were in Yorkshire and the Humber (0.3%) and London and the South West (0.6%).
Analysing changes at a constituency level is more difficult. These data are survey based and constituency estimates are based on relatively small numbers of respondents – thus it is hard to discern between actual changes and what is just statistical ‘noise’ (see this previous post for further information).
These median figures are affected by new entrants to employment as well as people leaving jobs. For example, if lots of people enter employment and take relatively low-paid jobs, then that will lower the median; similarly if lots of relatively high-paid workers leave employment then that will also push down the median. Such effects are not negligible. ONS estimate that for full-time employees who had been in continuous employment for at least one year, median pay increased by 4.3% between 2014 and 2015, compared to a 1.8% increase for all employees.
Earnings by age
All age groups saw an increase in earnings between April 2014 and April 2015. The largest increase was in the 18-21 age group, where pay was up 4.2%. The 30-39 age group saw the smallest increase of 0.6%.