March 2020

3 March

11 March

12 March

13 March

16 March

1. Cancels commercial banqueting and tour bookings, and mass lobbies and; restrictions to visitors to the estate.

2. Cancels non-essential access to both Houses from 17 March 2020; bars access to the Public Gallery; shuts down Members’ tours for constituents and education visits; reduces the number of catering outlets on the estate; refers MPs who have underlying health conditions, may be pregnant or are over 70 to the advice of Public Health England.

18 March

The Government Whips’ Office requests that only MPs on the Order Paper should be in the Chamber for Question Time

19 March

20 March

23 March

24 March

House of Commons agrees temporary order to:

  1. Allow Members of select committees to participate in select committee proceedings through electronic means of communication approved by the Speaker.
  2. Allow Chairs of select committees to report to the House an order, resolution or Report of the Committee not agreed at a meeting of the committee as long as agreed by the committee and that it represents a decision of the majority of the committee.
  3. To have effect until 30 June 2020 unless extended by the Speaker.

25 March


It is exceptional and I will run it until 1 pm. It will serve as an effective replacement for separate statements on the situation of coronavirus. I will allow the Leader of the Opposition two sets of questions—he will have a total of 12, which I expect to be taken in two sets of six. Similarly, I will allow the leader of the second largest party four questions, in two sets of two. I will also, exceptionally, call a further question from an Opposition Front-Bench spokesperson. In order to maximise participation, may I ask for short questions and short answers?

In light of the Government’s decision to restrict movement, the Petitions Committee will record an online session to put your questions to the Government about its response so far on coronavirus. A recording will be made available as soon as possible after the session.

  • Education Committee holds first virtual private session

26 March

  • First departmental Select Committee remote oral evidence session (Health and Social Care Committee)

27 March

Chamber measures

Whenever the Chamber is sitting during this exceptional time there are some measures that I will consider in order to reduce the number of Members required in the Chamber at any one time. For example, removing the convention that only MPs present during a statement can ask questions on it; publishing speaking lists so people know where they are in the running order and can attend the Chamber at the relevant time; and allowing MPs to submit to ask a question on a statement in advance, so a rota can be set up that enables MPs to only come in for their question.

Select Committees

Following the temporary order made by the House on Tuesday, I have now authorised Select Committee members to participate in proceedings through email, conference calls, and digital conferencing.

31 March

Please can you provide me with an update on progress and the timeline to connect MPs and Parliament together with different technology and ask the Parliamentary Digital Service and Broadcasting Team to prioritise the application of such technology to the proceedings of the House.

April 2020

1 April

3 April

Clerk of the House:

The introduction of a further virtual element to the House’s formal proceedings would require a resolution of the House, akin to the resolution which permitted virtual meetings of select committees. However the House has already shown it is more than willing to change how it works in response to the Covid-19 outbreak, and the recent successful work – done at great speed – to enable committee sessions to take place virtually, shows the ingenuity and commitment of colleagues across the House Service and Parliamentary Digital Service.

5 April

6 April

At the first virtual House of Commons Commission meeting, the Speaker said:

I really hope we can return to work virtually and safely after the 21st, subject to the advice of Public Health England.” The Commission was also told that thanks to staff who enabled virtual select committees to take place during the recess, it would be possible to support as many as 20 virtual committee meetings a week from 20 April.

10 April

12 April

14 April


I have approved a ‘draft operating model’ developed by the House Service for how these arrangements will work in the Chamber in practice. This document is now with the Government and main Opposition parties for review. The Procedure Committee will be asked to consider the model at its virtual meeting on Wednesday 15 April. The Committee is also expected to publish a report advising the House on its evaluation on Monday 20 April. On Thursday 16 April the House of Commons Commission will meet virtually to consider the model for approval, along with the views of the parties and of the Procedure Committee.


I welcome your Committee’s intention to continue to evaluate proposals for temporary procedural modifications and as a first step I look forward to the Committee’s comments on current proposals for Members to participate remotely in questions and statements. I will respond in turn to each of the issues you set out in your letter. My letter to colleagues of 14 April is also relevant to some of the issues you have raised.

16 April

21 April

We strongly recommend that any changes to House procedures introduced in response to the coronavirus pandemic should be strictly time-limited: a period of no longer than six weeks would be appropriate in the first instance. This period should be extended only by express agreement of the House and after consideration by the Procedure Committee. (Paragraph 25)

It is essential that the House be facilitated to continue its scrutiny of Ministers as soon as possible. We therefore recommend that the Leader of the House be permitted, exceptionally, to move motions to authorise the new arrangements at the first available opportunity. In this unique instance the practice of the House requiring notice of such motions ought to be dispensed with. (Paragraph 31)

House of Commons makes orders for Hybrid scrutiny proceedings to allow Members to participate in questions to Ministers, urgent questions and Ministerial statements both in the Chamber, on a strictly equal basis. [Votes & Proceedings 21 Apr 2020]

That this House is committed to taking all steps necessary to balance its responsibilities for continuing scrutiny of the executive, legislating and representation of the interests of constituents with adherence to the guidance issued by Public Health England and the restrictions placed upon all citizens of the United Kingdom, and is further committed, in pursuit of that aim, to allowing virtual participation in the House’s proceedings, to extending the digital capacity of those proceedings to ensure the participation of all Members, and to ensuring that its rules and procedures are adapted to permit as far as possible parity of treatment between Members participating virtually and Members participating in person.

22 April

Leader of the House:

Backbench Business and Opposition days are obviously important, and the motion does provide for those to be added. That will really depend on the technological capacity as to whether it is possible to extend the time available. That also applies to Adjournment debates.

House of Commons makes further temporary orders for:

Hybrid scrutiny proceedings to extend the hybrid model of participation to certain substantive proceedings of the House;

Remote voting on business taken in hybrid substantive proceedings.

Suspension of procedures relating to English Votes for English Laws (EVEL)

Questions to the Secretary of State for Wales and to the Prime Minister:

    • First MP to ask Virtual question – Marco Longhi (WO)
    • First MP to ask Virtual question of the Prime Minister – Ian Blackford (PMQs)
    • First MP to miss their question due to poor connection – David Mundell (PMQs)

23 April

Updated to reflect the decision of the House on 22 April to extend the scope of hybrid proceedings.

27 April

Daily business motion agreed by the business managers and party whips of the Government, the Labour Party and the SNP. This provided some certainty to the timings of any business subject to a vote. Under the terms of the Temporary Order of 22 April on hybrid sbstantive proceedings, this was deemed to be agreed to by the Speaker.

29 April

Leader of the House:

As regards electronic voting, all that is being done is temporary, and it is worth emphasising that. We would not have achieved the consensus across the House to allow these procedures to be implemented if there were any thought that it were permanent. It is being done on a temporary basis, and implemented as quickly as possible. I hope that we will be able to experiment with electronic voting on 11 May, subject to the Procedure Committee considering the proposals and to testing with a large number of Members to ensure that it works.

Updated to reflect the new deadlines for submitting a request to speak in Urgent Questions and Statements which have changed from those outlined in Version 2.0. See Section D and Section E respectively. It also outlines arrangements for Statutory Instrument debates.

30 April

May 2020

5 May

The Committee is satisfied that the proposed system is suitable for use by the House in recording the votes of Members in remoted divisions or remote deferred divisions under the arrangements agreed by the House on 22 April, but only for as long as these temporary orders have effect. […] The ParliamentNow App, which is in development is intended to replicate the content carried on the Commons and Lords annunciators, would be an important additional means of notification and the Committee recommends that it be rolled out to Members as a matter of urgency.

8 May

6 May

8 May

This report focuses on the use of remote divisions. There are a number of other improvements and changes that the Committee would wish to see introduced, including longer than two hours for oral questions, urgent questions and statements and shorter call lists for questions. We appreciate that there are technical limitations and that there is a desire all round to see improvements.

11 May

12 May


On each relevant day, when the business motion is agreed, I will announce my provisional determination on remote Divisions for that day. […] Finally, I want to assure Members that I will keep the system under review.

Updated to reflect the new arrangements for (i) remote voting and (ii) remaining stages of a bill (report (consideration) stage and third reading). Substantive proceedings can now last up to 4 hours and 30 minutes (previously 4 hours) and suspensions between proceedings will now be 15 minutes (previously 30 minutes).

Leader of the House:

The motion extends the decisions of the House on 21 and 22 April to allow the continuation of remote participation in proceedings of the House and remote voting until the Whitsun recess on 20 May. It is my expectation that I will not have to renew the temporary Standing Orders again.

Two items of business today are designated for remote Division. My provisional determination is that the remote Division will take place on the Question, That this House has considered Covid-19, and that the motion relating to Hybrid Proceedings (Extension of Temporary Orders) will not be the subject of a remote Division.

13 May


My priority, and the priority of all I am sure, is to ensure that those on the estate are safe while business is facilitated […] I may suspend sittings between items of business to allow safe access to, and exit from, the Chamber. I am also quite prepared to suspend a sitting if I believe that the safe number of hon. Members in the Chamber risks being exceeded.

Leader of the House:

Holding the Government to account is essential and delivering on manifesto promises is also essential, and that is what I hope we shall be able to do after we come back from the Whitsun recess, in line with what is happening in other parts of the country.

Madame Deputy Speaker:

I have been informed that a small number of Members have inadvertently cast their votes, by electronic means, in the opposite way to the one in which they intended to vote. I am informed that their use of technology was not quite as good as they felt it ought to be and that a few Members have made a mistake. There is no provision under the current temporary system by which a Member can change their vote once it has been cast, but I am satisfied that even if a small number of votes had been cast in a different way it does not affect the result of the Division. (Division 42)

18 May

19 May

Following its meeting on 19 May, the Commission agreed that:

Public Health England is to be asked to confirm in writing the advice it has given to parliamentary authorities to ensure current social distancing measures are appropriate;

MPs’ staff and House staff should continue to work remotely and should not return to the estate;

The House Service continues to develop scalable plans on staffing and social distancing measures to meet the needs of the House if these should change in the future.

20 May

Leader of the House:

In line with Government advice for those who cannot do their jobs from home, I am asking Members to return to their place of work after Whitsun. […] We will be observing social distancing. […] Mr Speaker, you organised the test of a new system for Divisions that will ensure Members can vote while remaining 6 feet apart. We will minimise the number of other passholders on the estate, strongly encouraging MPs’ staff and others to continue working from home.

  • House rises for Whitsun recess

22 May

As Parliament considers returning to Westminster, we urge you to ensure all citizens can continue to be represented in parliament through ensuring no MP is unable to participate due to health or caring commitments that have arisen as a direct result of the ongoing coronavirus crisis.


As you are probably aware, I have been insistent that we do not allow more than 50 MPs in the Chamber, while PHE guidelines on social distancing remain at two metres. Indeed, I will suspend the sitting if we exceed that number, or it is clear that social distancing is not being maintained. I have also been very clear that Members’ staff, and House staff, who can work remotely should continue to do so – they should not be returning to the estate, or their constituency offices.

26 May

28 May

Parliament to be recalled to sit earlier at 11.30am (rather than 2.30pm) to consider the form divisions should take – now that the temporary Standing Orders on hybrid proceedings have lapsed.

30 May

Recommendation include:

Virtual participation in proceedings for MPs who, for coronavirus-related reasons, are unable to travel to Westminster for as long as the pandemic continues; the strict principle of parity of treatment between physical and virtual participants should be dropped, to allow a far more flexible operating model to be developed to allow a from of virtual participation

June 2020

1 June

Use of call lists and notice of proceedings:

In view of the limit on safe physical participation, I have decided that some elements of the systems devised for hybrid proceedings will need to continue.

2 June

Amendment to Motion negatived on division (Div No. 51)

Ayes: 185 / Noes: 242

Main Question agreed to on division (Div No. 52)

Ayes: 261 / Noes: 163

3 June

The Committee makes this Special Report to the House to inform its consideration of motions of which the Leader of the House intends to give notice later today, Wednesday 3 June, for consideration by the House tomorrow, Thursday 4 June.

Prime Minister:

I apologise to all those who have particular difficulties with it [returning to the Commons] because they are shielded or because they are elderly, and it is vital that, through the change we are making today, they should be able to vote by proxy.

A motion extending proxy voting arrangements to those Members who are shielding and those over the age of 70 will be tabled this afternoon for agreement tomorrow.

4 June

Commons agrees temporary orders to allow MPs restricted by Coronavirus to participate in proceedings on Questions, Urgent Questions and Statements virtually and to extend Proxy Voting to MPs unable to attend the Commons. Temporary orders to come in into effect from 8 June until 7 July.

5 June

8 June

Following the orders passed on Thursday (4 June), virtual participation in questions, urgent questions and statements is allowed for certain Members. I have reintroduced a complete call list for questions, so Members should not rise to try to catch my eye; they should rise only when called. When a substantive question is asked by a Member participating virtually, I shall ask the Minister to answer the question and then call the Member to ask their supplementary question.


On Tuesday 24 March, the House passed an order allowing for virtual participation in select committee meetings and giving Chairs associated powers to make reports. The order has effect until 13 June, but I was given a power under the order to extend it if necessary. Following representations from the Liaison Committee, I can notify the House today that I am extending the order until Thursday 17 September.

10 June


Hon. Members will know that preparations are under way for the new Division system of using pass readers in the Division Lobbies. Based on the tests so far and the best professional advice, I have concluded that we cannot use the new system today. I will make a further statement on Monday.

Motion to change the Fridays on which Private Members’ Bills are considered in 2019-21

Motion amending Resolution of the House of 4 June (Proxy Voting (Extension) to delete ‘clinically extremely vulnerable’ or ‘clinically vulnerable’” and insert “for medical or public health reasons related to the pandemic”.

16 June

We are attempting to devise a system of divisions that adheres to Public Health England advice on social distancing […] I am very grateful to House staff, who have yet again come up with another innovative option at speed: Pass-Reader Divisions. This involves having two pass-readers in each of the ‘Aye’ and the ‘No’ lobbies, enabling four people to vote at once in a socially distanced way.


I remind colleagues that the expanded proxy voting scheme applies to Members who are unable to attend Westminster for medical or public health reasons relating to the pandemic.

19 June

23 June

29 June

Social distancing in the Chamber and across the House of Commons end of the building to remain at two metres until the summer recess.

30 June


It may be helpful to announce that, with effect from today, the length of time before the doors are locked in each Division will be reduced further. This will be 15 minutes for the first Division and, if possible, 12 minutes for subsequent successive Divisions.

July 2020

1 July

Extension of the Orders of 2 June (Proceedings during the pandemic (No. 2) and of 4 June (Virtual Participation in Proceedings During the Pandemic (Temporary Orders) until 2 September 2020.

9 July

Announcement of new ‘e-petitions sessions’, commencing from 15 July 2020, in which Members from across the House will be invited to participate in evidence sessions on the easing of Covid-19 lockdown restrictions.

14 July

15 July

17 July

Chair of the Procedure Committee:

This provides certainty to MPs who are new parents that they can continue to have their vote recorded when they are absent from the House, and also provides continuing certainty to those MPs who are prevented from coming to Westminster for reasons related to the pandemic.

Should the House approve the motion on Monday, the proxy voting pilot scheme will continue until 28 September. The Committee expects to provide its assessment of the pilot in early September: this report will inform the House’s consideration of any proposal to make the pilot scheme permanent.

20 July

Existing proxy votes continue till 28 September, unless cancelled. Applications for new proxy votes to come into effect on 1 September, can be made during the recess up to 4.30pm on 28 August. [Announcements: Future Business 22 Jul 2020]

22 July


On Tuesday 24 March, the House passed an order allowing for virtual participation in select committee meetings, and giving Chairs associated powers to make reports. I was given a power under the order to extend it if necessary. On Monday 8 June, I announced an extension until Thursday 17 September. I can notify the House today that I am now further extending the order until Friday 30 October.

  • House rises for summer recess

September 2020

1 September

  • House returns after summer recess

2 September

House agrees that Proceedings during the pandemic (No. 2) and of 4 June (Virtual participation in proceedings during the pandemic) shall have effect until 3 November 2020

8 September

10 September

In our view, the system of remote voting used in May was a more effective means of handling divisions in the House under conditions where the division lobbies could not be used in the traditional way and where a large number of Members were unable to attend for public health reasons. We recommend that the remote voting system be reinstated as a means of conducting divisions for as long as the division lobbies are unavailable for use in the traditional way.

17 September


I know that there are alternatives to using this system of Divisions that we are currently using, and I will continue to discuss the use of alternatives with the Leader of the House and other Members concerned.

21 September

22 September

23 September

October 2020

1 October

Issues the Committee will be examining include:

    • The effect which current rules on time limits on speeches have on participation in debate
    • The process whereby MPs currently apply to participate, and are able to participate, in debate, including seating arrangements in the Chamber
    • Whether the temporary system of call lists adequately facilitates debate management in the current situation

5 October

6 October

7 October

13 October


On Tuesday 24 March the House passed an order allowing for virtual participation in Select Committee meetings and giving Chairs associated powers to make reports. I was given the power under the order to extend it if necessary. On Wednesday 22 July I announced an extension until Friday 30 October. I can notify the House today that I am now further extending the order until Friday 22 January.

22 October

23 October

November 2020

2 November

  • House returns from autumn recess

3 November

Speaker’s Statement on the proposed extention of the proxy voting scheme to allow proxies for MPs present on the precincts of the Palace.

5 November

15 November

16 November

Leader of the House:

I am exploring how we can support additional virtual participation in the Commons, despite capacity constraints, for those who ​are clinically extremely vulnerable, and aim to bring a motion before the House.

18 November

Madam Deputy Speaker:

We now come to motion 8 on virtual participation in substantive proceedings. The Speaker selected a manuscript amendment to the motion […] Under the established practice of the House, a selected amendment to a motion that cannot be proceeded with after the moment of interruption constitutes an objection, so the motion cannot be taken.

Recommends that the criteria for eligibility for virtual participation in all House proceedings be made uniform at the earliest opportunity.

19 November

Virtual participation in debates should be extended to all Members who cannot, for whatever reason, participate in person due to the pandemic. There should not be different tests for those who can participate virtually in debates, those who can enjoy virtual participation in our scrutiny proceedings and those who decide to use a proxy vote.

24 November

Earlier items of business cancelled, so this item debated until 7pm when the debate was adjourned without the question being put.

December 2020

2 December

7 December

In addition to recommendations on the use of call lists and time limits on speeches in debates, the Committee called on the Government to:

reschedule its debate on virtual participation in proceedings and provide for a vote on its motion, and any amendments to it, at a predictable time. It is a House matter: MPs with proxy votes must have the opportunity to direct how their votes are cast in any divisions on it.

16 December

17 December

Rt Hon. Karen Bradley MP:

I am keen to explore ways in which the debate on your motion [on virtual participation on 24 November] can be brought to an orderly conclusion.

  • House rises for Christmas recess

18 December

19 December

21 December

Leader of the House, Jacob Rees Mogg:

It is the Government’s intention to bring forward these changes as soon as possible, at the start of the next sitting, subject to our continuing discussions with the House authorities.

24 December

30 December

Scheme for Virtual Participation for 30 December 2020 – Sets out arrangements for virtual participation in debates and types of business exempt from virtual participation. [Intranet only] Applies also to sitting on 6 January 2021.

January 2021

4 January

6 January

Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (No. 3) and (All Tiers) (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2021, No. 8), laid  5 January 2021

8 January

11 January

Part of an additional package of measures including enforcing a stricter adherence to the 2m social distancing rules by reducing the number available seats in the Chamber:  Chamber capacity – 53. Speaker (1) Members Speaking (33) Members Non Speaking (10) Members Standing (2) Officials (7).

Letter explaining that, in light of representations from across the House expressing concerns about their continuation, the Leader of the House had tabled motions to suspend sittings in Westminster Hall and sitting Fridays for the foreseeable future.

12 January

13 January

The decisions mean that both Westminster Hall sittings and Friday sittings are temporarily suspended. The rescheduling of these sittings will be a matter for the Leader of the House to announce at a future date.

29 January

February 2021

1 February

Leader of the House questioned by the Procedure Committee on Commons procedure changes as part of the Committee’s inquiry into procedure under coronavirus restrictions.

2 February

Health Secretary, Matt Hancock:

Across the whole country, we are expanding workplace testing, including here in Parliament. This morning, Mr Speaker, you and I together visited the new covid testing site in Parliament, which offers all those who work here—peers, MPs and staff—the chance to get tested.

11 February

16 February

19 February

22 February

24 February

25 February

Westminster Hall proceedings resume in hybrid form in the Boothroyd Room in Portcullis House. MPs can take part in debates virtually or physically.

26 February

March 2021

4 March

8 March

10 March

12 March

Seven of the eight scheduled PMBs (that had completed committee stage) were given third reading.

13 March

14 March

    • Calls for the temporary orders to be extended to the beginning of stage 4 (currently 21 June)
    • Recommends the House reverts to all aspects of its pre-pandemic practice and procedure and that the House Service is given an explicit mandate from the Commission to extend the scope of its development of hybrid proceedings (eg business continuity/restoration and renewal
    • Committee to consider the use of the card reader voting system to conduct EVEL votes

16 March

25 March

Resolved: That the Order of 2 June 2020 (Proceedings during the pandemic (No. 2)), as amended on 1 July and 22 October 2020, the Order of 4 June 2020 (Virtual participation in proceedings during the pandemic), as amended on 1 July, 2 September, 22 October and 30 December 2020, the Order of 3 November 2020 (Proxy voting during the pandemic (No. 2)) and the Order of 25 February (Sittings in Westminster Hall during the pandemic) shall have effect until 21 June.

May 2021

4 May

Chair of the Procedure Committee, Karen Bradley:

The Committee will continue its work on reviewing the procedures of the House during the pandemic as we progress through the Government’s and House Service’s roadmaps.

11 May

14 May

17 May

House of Commons Commission decision, in accordance with Public Health England advicet to increase the number of Members able to participate physically in the proceedings of the House: Chamber capacity – 79. Speaker (1) Members Speaking (64) Members Non Speaking (5) Members Standing (2) Officials (7)

27 May

  • House rises for Whitsun recess

June 2021

14 June

16 June

Temporary arrangements to enable MPs to participate virtually in proceedings (2 and 4 June 2020), to apply the proxy voting scheme to all MPs during the pandemic (3 November 2020), and to facilitate sittings in Westminster Hall during the pandemic (25 February 2021) extended until 22 July 2021.

22 June

28 June

Procedure Comittee question the Leader about his views on when and how the Commons will ‘get back to normal’, and whether returning to pre-pandemic proceedings will be an opportunity for a wider ‘reset’ of procedure in the House of Commons.

August 2021

3 August

6 August

18 August


I wish to remind the House that the provisions which allowed for hybrid participation in the Chamber are no longer in place. All contributions to proceedings will once again be made from within this Chamber. I remind Members that if they participate in a debate, they should be present throughout most if not all of that debate, and certainly at least for the opening speeches, the two speeches following their contributions and the winding-up speeches.