This information should not be relied upon as legal or professional advice. Read the disclaimer.

It is very important for a constituent to seek legal advice if they are considering an appeal. The Commons Library briefing Legal help: where to go and how to pay, provides information about sources of legal help and advice.

Appeals from the magistrates’ court and appeals from the Crown Court in England and Wales have different rules, and there are different rules for appeals in Scotland. This page does not include the rules for Scotland.

There is information about appealing both a magistrates’ court verdict and a Crown Court verdict at the page, Appeal a sentence or conviction.

Magistrates’ court


It is important to point out that the appeal must be made within 21 days of the sentencing. Otherwise the constituent must ask the Crown Court for permission to appeal. The magistrates’ court where the trial took place will explain the procedure for this.

There is information about the appeal process and procedure at the page, Appeal a magistrates’ court verdict.

Crown Court


A constituent must apply for permission to appeal within 28 days of:

  • the date of the conviction, if the appeal is against the conviction
  • the date of the sentencing, if the appeal is against the sentence

It may be possible to get an extension for a late application.

There is information about the appeal process and procedure at the page, Appeal a Crown Court verdict.

There is more information about appeals from the Crown Court in these guides:

JUSTICE, How to appeal: a guide to the criminal appeal system, October 2018

HM Courts and Tribunals Service, Guide to commencing proceedings in the Court of Appeal Criminal Division, August 2018

Criminal Cases Review Commission

The Criminal Cases Review Commission (CCRC) is the independent public body set up to investigate possible miscarriages of justice in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.

The constituent should normally try to appeal through the court where he or she was convicted before applying to the CCRC. There is more information on the CCRC website

Unduly Lenient Sentence Scheme

The Unduly Lenient Sentence Scheme provides for the public to ask the Attorney General to refer a sentence to the Court of Appeal for being too low. There is a separate Constituency Casework page which provides sources of information about this.


The Commons Library does not intend the information in this article to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual. We have published it to support the work of MPs. You should not rely upon it as legal or professional advice, or as a substitute for it. We do not accept any liability whatsoever for any errors, omissions or misstatements contained herein. You should consult a suitably qualified professional if you require specific advice or information. Read our briefing for information about sources of legal advice and help.