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  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    The UK competition regime

    This note describes how competition law works in the UK. It considers past and proposed reforms, the implications of Brexit and competition in digital markets.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    Financial Guidance and Claims Bill 2017-19

    Looks at the provisions of the Financial Guidance and Claims Act 2018 and the debates on it when the legislation was before Parliament

  • House of Commons Library

    Debate Pack

    Future of pensions policy

    A Westminster Hall debate on ‘The Future of pensions policy’ has been scheduled for Tuesday 8 December 2020 from 2.30pm to 4.00pm. The debate will be led by Rob Roberts MP

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    The Agriculture Act 2020

    The Agriculture Bill 2019-21 (originally HC Bill 7) was published on 16 January 2020. It received Royal Assent on 11 November 2020, becoming the Agriculture Act 2020.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    Cryptocurrencies

    This briefing introduces the idea of 'cryptocurrencies' -- what they are, how they work, the benefits and challenges they offer, and how regulators have reacted to them.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    The Care Quality Commission

    This House of Commons Library briefing explains the statutory role and powers of the Care Quality Commission (CQC)

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    The October 2019 EU UK Withdrawal Agreement

    Boris Johnson's Government have negotiated a new 'deal' with the European Union. It is formed of a Political Declaration and a Withdrawal Agreement. This paper focuses on the Withdrawal Agreement and how it compares to the one negotiated by Theresa May's Government in November 2018. The main differences are in the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland or the 'backstop' as it is commonly known. It contains very different arrangements, the UK will no longer be in a single customs territory or union with the EU. The UK will no longer be legally bound to continue with level playing field commitments at the end of the transition period. Northern Ireland will still be in the UK's customs territory and VAT area, however, the region will align with the EU's rules in these areas. Northern Ireland will remain mostly aligned to the EU's regulations for goods. Four years after the end of the transition period Northern Ireland's democratic institutions will vote on whether they wish to continue the arrangements in the Protocol.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    Corporate criminal liability

    This briefing discusses the circumstances in which corporates can commit crimes in England and Wales, setting out recent developments and proposals for reform.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    The UK’s EU Withdrawal Agreement

    This briefing looks in detail at the Withdrawal Agreement negotiated between the EU and UK and finalised on 14 November 2018. It was endorsed by EU Member State leaders at a special European Council summit on 25 November and the UK Prime Minister promoted it in the UK Parliament and around the country. The Agreement was debated at length in Parliament on several occasions and has been voted on three times. But the House of Commons has not endorsed it. A second extension of Article 50 took exit day to 31 October 2019, but once again the UK is faced with the possibility of leaving the EU without an agreement if this agreement or another one is not ratified by the UK and the EU.

  • House of Commons Library

    Insight

    Airport slots: A short explainer

    This Insight explains the global legal framework and the powers various bodies in the UK (and at present the EU) have to affect how slots are allocated.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    UK-EU future relationship negotiations update: is an agreement possible?

    This paper provides an update on the UK-EU future relationship negotiations following intensified negotiations in June and July 2020. It explores the prospects for an agreement in time for the end of the post-Brexit transition period on 31 December

  • House of Commons Library

    Constituency Casework

    Faulty goods, digital content, services

    A consumer's legal rights and remedies when they purchase faulty goods, digital content and services. How to resolve a consumer dispute and where to go for help?

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    Trade in services and Brexit

    While the UK prepares to leave the EU, the future of services trade has received less attention in the public debate than trade in goods. The UK’s exposure to services trade means however that businesses in many sectors across the economy will be affected. This paper looks at the complexity of international trade in services and discusses what could change under the different future scenarios.

  • House of Commons Library

    Constituency Casework

    Freeholders’ estate and service charges

    Information on the position of freehold home owners who pay a service charge for the upkeep of communal areas on their estates.