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  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    Public Service Pensions and Judicial Offices Bill 2021-22

    Briefing on Public Service Pensions and Judicial Offices [HL] Bill 2021-22 for Second Reading debate in the House of Commons, scheduled for 5 January 2022

  • House of Commons Library

    Debate Pack

    E-petition 319891, relating to the sale and use of fireworks

    A debate on an e-petition relating to the sale and use of fireworks will take place in Westminster Hall on Monday 8th November 2021, from 4:30pm. Elliot Colburn MP will open the debate.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    Economic regulation of the water industry in England and Wales

    This briefing paper provides an overview of the economic regulation of the water industry in England and Wales. It provides an overview of the price review process that sets customer bills and water company service targets every 5-years. It includes a summary of the 2019 price review that followed increasing public scrutiny of the sector.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    Coronavirus: Impact on household savings and debt

    This briefing paper provides official statistics on household savings and debt since the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic, and discusses the groups which are more likely than average to have experienced an increase in household debt. It also compares the impact of coronavirus with the 2008/09 financial crisis.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    March 2022 schools White Paper (England)

    Overview of Government plans for remaining schools in England to join MATs by 2030, a longer school week for some schools, and higher English and maths targets.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    Debts to public bodies: are Government debt collection practices outdated?

    There is growing concern that the debt collection practices of public sector bodies have fallen behind the standard of regulated creditors in the private sector. Practices have often been criticised as being unfair to the debtor and inefficient, possibly resulting in higher long-term costs to the taxpayer. The impact of the coronavirus pandemic on debts owed to public bodies is not yet known, but it is likely to have led to further indebtedness.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    Public Service Pensions and Judicial Offices Bill: Progress of the Bill

    The Public Service Pensions and Judicial Offices [HL] Bill has been through its House of Lords stages and had its second reading in the House of Commons on 5 January 2022. The Bill was considered by a Public Bill Committee over two sittings on 27 January 2022.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    Coronavirus: Support for businesses

    An overview of initiatives to support businesses through the coronavirus pandemic.

  • House of Commons Library

    Debate Pack

    Effect of the covid-19 outbreak on retirement communities

    On 1 July 2021 at 3:15pm there will be a Westminster Hall Debate on the covid-19 pandemic experience of retirement communities. This debate will be led by Jim Shannon MP.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    The UK’s EU Withdrawal Agreement

    This briefing looks in detail at the Withdrawal Agreement negotiated between the EU and UK and finalised on 14 November 2018. It was endorsed by EU Member State leaders at a special European Council summit on 25 November and the UK Prime Minister promoted it in the UK Parliament and around the country. The Agreement was debated at length in Parliament on several occasions and has been voted on three times. But the House of Commons has not endorsed it. A second extension of Article 50 took exit day to 31 October 2019, but once again the UK is faced with the possibility of leaving the EU without an agreement if this agreement or another one is not ratified by the UK and the EU.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    Cryptocurrencies

    This briefing introduces the idea of 'cryptocurrencies' -- what they are, how they work, the benefits and challenges they offer, and how regulators have reacted to them.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    The October 2019 EU UK Withdrawal Agreement

    Boris Johnson's Government have negotiated a new 'deal' with the European Union. It is formed of a Political Declaration and a Withdrawal Agreement. This paper focuses on the Withdrawal Agreement and how it compares to the one negotiated by Theresa May's Government in November 2018. The main differences are in the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland or the 'backstop' as it is commonly known. It contains very different arrangements, the UK will no longer be in a single customs territory or union with the EU. The UK will no longer be legally bound to continue with level playing field commitments at the end of the transition period. Northern Ireland will still be in the UK's customs territory and VAT area, however, the region will align with the EU's rules in these areas. Northern Ireland will remain mostly aligned to the EU's regulations for goods. Four years after the end of the transition period Northern Ireland's democratic institutions will vote on whether they wish to continue the arrangements in the Protocol.

  • House of Commons Library

    Debate Pack

    Future of pensions policy

    A Westminster Hall debate on ‘The Future of pensions policy’ has been scheduled for Tuesday 8 December 2020 from 2.30pm to 4.00pm. The debate will be led by Rob Roberts MP

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    The Agriculture Act 2020

    The Agriculture Bill 2019-21 (originally HC Bill 7) was published on 16 January 2020. It received Royal Assent on 11 November 2020, becoming the Agriculture Act 2020.