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  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    ISIS/Daesh: the military response in Iraq and Syria

    An update on the military campaign in Iraq and Syria is available in CBP8011, Syria and Iraq: update June 2017. This document will no longer be updated but serves as a useful summary of the military campaign against ISIS to March 2017.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    Child Maintenance: Fees, enforcement and arrears

    Statistics on the fees in a child maintenance application, and the enforcement steps taken when child maintenance is not paid on time or in full.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    The Pupil Premium

    This House of Commons Library Briefing Paper provides an overview of policy on the Pupil Premium since its introduction in 2011, including funding levels, eligibility criteria, and accountability.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    Integrated Review 2021: Summary

    The Government published its Integrated Review of Security, Defence, Development and Foreign Policy: Global Britain in a Competitive Age, on 16 March 2021. Billed as the biggest review of the UK's defence and security since the end of the Cold War, it sets out the UK's approach to the expected challenges of the next decade.

  • House of Commons Library

    Insight

    UK Army to be reduced to 72,500

    The existing target of 82,000 personnel, set in 2015, has been scrapped.

  • House of Commons Library

    Debate Pack

    Armed Forces Covenant

    A general debate on the ‘Armed Forces Covenant’ has been scheduled for Thursday 22 November 2018 in the Main Chamber.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    UK deployment and recent political challenges in Mali

    The UK is sending 250 soldiers to Mali to join the UN peacekeeping mission in 2020. Mali faces considerable political, security and governance challenges, compounded by a military coup in August 2020. This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the deployment and the situation in Mali.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    Parliamentary approval for military action

    The deployment of the Armed Forces is currently a prerogative power. Parliament has no legally established role and the Government is under no legal obligation with respect to its conduct. In 2011 the Government acknowledged that a convention had emerged whereby the House of Commons would have the opportunity to debate the deployment of military forces, prior to doing so, except in the event of an emergency. The defeat of the Government in a vote on military action in Syria in August 2013 was widely viewed as an assertion of Parliamentary sovereignty on such matters. Yet many have argued that the convention lacks clarity and remains open to interpretation and exploitation. Indeed, the recent limited airstrikes against the Syrian regime’s chemical weapons capabilities have been undertaken without recourse to Parliament, with the Government justifying its actions on humanitarian grounds. The lack of Parliamentary consultation has reignited the debate about formally legislating for Parliament’s role in such matters. Despite having committed to legislating on this issue in 2011, the Government dropped its proposals in April 2016.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    Suicide prevention: Policy and strategy

    This briefing paper considers suicide prevention policies and strategies throughout the UK. It outlines national and local approaches to prevention policy in some key policy areas.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    UK forces in the Middle East region

    The UK armed forces use a range of bases and facilities in the Middle East. This short Commons Library note identifies the main ones.

  • House of Commons Library

    Debate Pack

    Wales’s contribution to the UK armed forces

    A Westminster Hall debate on ‘Wales's contribution to the UK armed forces’ has been scheduled for Tuesday 25 February 2020 at 4.30pm. The debate has been initiated by Fay Jones MP.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    The French Nuclear Deterrent

    The French nuclear deterrent is the one that is most often compared to the UK’s nuclear forces. While there are similarities in terms of policy, posture and size, there are also significant differences in terms of industrial support and cost. In contrast to the UK all of the major political parties in France support an independent nuclear deterrent, and domestic support is high. This paper examines the French nuclear deterrent in greater detail. It is also part of a wider Library briefing series on nuclear weapons.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    The conflict in Afghanistan: A reading list

    This reading list provides links to Parliamentary and other material on the conflict in Afghanistan since 9/11.

  • House of Commons Library

    Research Briefing

    Armed Forces Covenant

    The Government published the first tri-Service Armed Forces Covenant on 16 May 2011. This note examines the background to the Covenant and some of the measures to support it that the Government intends to introduce over the next few years.