Documents to download

Solar panel electricity systems, also known as photovoltaics (PV), capture the sun’s energy using photovoltaic cells. These cells don’t need direct sunlight to work – they can still generate some electricity on a cloudy day. The cells convert the sunlight into electricity, which can be used to run household appliances. Any excess electricity generated by the panels can be exported to the grid.

Previously the Government supported domestic solar panels through the Green Deal loan scheme, launched in 2013, and Feed-in Tariffs which provided payments for generating renewable energy, launched in 2010. The Government stopped publicly funding the Green Deal in 2015, and the Feed-in tariff scheme closed at the end of March 2019. From 1 January 2020, a new scheme, known as the Smart Export Guarantee, has required electricity suppliers to offer a tariff for power that solar (and other technology) generators export to the electricity grid.

Solar panels boost the UK’s renewable capacity and can reduce household consumption, and possibly bills, for homeowners with panels. However, there are some common questions and concerns that are raised about solar panel installations that this briefing paper addresses.

Documents to download

Related posts

  • Imports of energy from Russia

    The UK imported no fossil fuel from Russia in June 2022. This is the first time this has happened on a series going back to 2000. The total value of UK fossil fuel imports from Russia was £4.4 billion in the year to June 2022.

    Imports of energy from Russia
  • Energy Bills Support Scheme: Government policy and FAQs

    The Government’s Energy Bills Support Scheme will provide a £400 discount on electricity bills to help households with the rising cost of energy. This briefing summarises the policy, first announced in February and updated in May and July 2022, as well as the reaction to it. It also provides information on eligibility for the scheme and answers to frequently asked questions.

    Energy Bills Support Scheme: Government policy and FAQs
  • Taxation of North Sea oil and gas

    This Library briefing gives an overview of the way that the profits from North Sea oil and gas production are taxed, and how the fiscal regime that applies to North Sea oil and gas production has been reformed in recent years

    Taxation of North Sea oil and gas