Number of Victims by Gender

In 2019/20, just under three quarters (73%) of the total 695 victims of offences currently recorded as homicide were male and over a quarter were female (27%). 

Homicide Rates

In 2019/20, the homicide rate per million population in England and Wales was 11.7, in Scotland it was  also 11.7 and in Northern Ireland 10.6.

Until the 1960s, Northern Ireland experienced relatively low homicide rates. After this, levels increased considerably during the troubles, before gradually returning to rates similar to the rest of the UK by the end of the 1990s.

Homicide by Method of Killing in England and Wales , 2019/20

In 2019/20, the most common method of killing (40%) involved the use of a sharp instrument. This was the most common method of killing for both male and female victims at 44% and 27% respectively.

Strangulation and asphyxiation was the next most prevalent method of death for females (31 out of 188 victims). The second most common method for men involved hitting, kicking, etc (95 out of 506 victims). As a proportion of all homicides, hitting, kicking, etc was also the second most common for all victims accounting for 17% of deaths (115 deaths).