Hospitality industry in the UK

The hospitality industry primarily refers to food and accommodation services industries. This means restaurants, cafes, pubs, bars, catering, hotels, campsites and other accommodation.

In 2019 the hospitality sector contributed £59.3 billion in Gross Value Added to the UK economy, around 3.0% of total UK economic output.

In the three months to September 2020, there were 2.38 million jobs in the hospitality sector in the UK, representing 6.9% of total UK employment.

There were 223,045 hospitality businesses in the UK as of 1 January 2020, 3.7% of all UK businesses. Of these, 137,225 were employers, 10% of the UK total.

Hospitality businesses represent 3-5% of businesses in each country and region.

The excel sheet attached to this briefing allows users to view the number of accommodation and food/beverage businesses and employment by Parliamentary constituency and local authority area. The Library briefing on pub statistics provides pub statistics by constituency.

Impact of Covid-19

The food & accommodation sector has been one of the hardest hit sectors by the pandemic.

Restrictions on trading have significantly impacted hospitality business turnover. Economic output in the hospitality sector was down 92% in April 2020 compared to February 2020.

Economic output recovered over the summer, boosted by easing coronavirus restrictions and the Eat Out to Help Out scheme in August, but was still below pre-pandemic levels. Output declined again from September as Covid-19 cases rose and restrictions were imposed.

Ongoing fixed costs and accumulating debt alongside persistent lower revenues and low cash reserves are a major concern for the sector.

As of late December (14-23 December) the ONS reported that 59% hospitality businesses were trading, compared to 84% across all industries.  41% of hospitality businesses had temporarily paused trading, compared to 13% across all industries.

Covid-19 impact on jobs

From January-March 2020 to July-September 2020, the number of jobs in the sector fell by 6% (147,000). However, the pandemic has not yet resulted in the expected increase in unemployment, in part due to the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS).

The number of jobs on furlough under the CJRS in the food and accommodation sector peaked on 10 April 2020, with 1.6 million jobs on furlough and has been declining since. On 31 October, 27% (601,400) of eligible jobs were furloughed under the CJRS, compared to 8% across all industries.

Support for the hospitality industry

The hospitality industry has seen high take-up of UK Government business support schemes such as the CJRS and business loans. The Government has also provided support schemes targeted to the hospitality industry, such as the Eat Out to Help Out Scheme, reduced VAT rate, a business rates holiday for 2020/21 and small business grants. Separate grant schemes and business rates relief apply in the devolved Administrations.

The Chancellor announced further grants for hospitality leisure and retail businesses on 5 January 2021, worth up to £9,000 depending on the rateable value of the property occupied. The hospitality industry welcomed the grants but called for longer-term support including extended business rates relief and reduced VAT (both set to end in March 2021).

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