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In June 2021, Prime Minister Boris Johnson called upon G7 leaders to set a goal for the world to be fully vaccinated against coronavirus by the end of 2022.

The purchasing and administrating of Covid-19 vaccines has been unequal globally. As of 7 January 2022, only 9% of people in low-income countries (having a Gross National Income (GNI) per capita below US $1,045) have received at least one vaccine dose. In high-income states (GNI per capita above US$ 12,696), it was 77%.

At the G7 summit, hosted by the UK in June, leaders pledged to drive an “intensified international effort” to vaccinate the world. The leaders collectively pledged to donate 1 billion vaccines to Covax, the international vaccine-sharing initiative, and other countries over the next year. This was enough to vaccinate around 5% of the populations of lower-income countries by the end of 2021, according to the NGO ONE.

The G7 includes the UK, US, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Canada, and the EU.

The United Nations and World Health Organization welcomed the G7 pledge, but urged the doses to be donated during 2021, rather than in 2022. The pace of vaccine donations by high-income countries to Covax and to lower income countries has been criticised, including by the World Bank

This briefing sets out the pledges made by G7 leaders, and progress made against them. For information on the Covax initiative, which aims to ensure fair access to Covid-19 vaccines worldwide, see the Library paper, Covax and global access to Covid-19 vaccines.


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