Documents to download

This briefing covers the new energy bill support schemes introduced by the Government in 2022 to help households and businesses with rising energy prices. It provides a guide to relevant sources that answer frequent questions on the schemes.

Where complex issues are raised it may be more appropriate to refer constituents to specialist bodies and organisations or to a solicitor if legal advice is sought. 

The Library briefing Help with energy bills provides information on pre-existing schemes such as the Winter Fuel Payments, Cold Weather Payments and Warm Home Discount.

The support schemes covered

  • Energy Bills Support Scheme (EBSS), including the EBSS Alternative Fund: a one-off £400 payment to households to help with bills over winter 2022-23
  • Energy Price Guarantee (EPG): a cap on domestic electricity and gas prices over the period 1 October 2022 to 31 March 2024
  • Energy Bill Relief Scheme (EBRS): a discount on non-domestic electricity and gas prices over the period 1 October 2022 to 31 March 2023
  • Pass-through requirements for the EBSS, EPG and EBRS, including specific pass-through requirements for heat networks: these require third party intermediaries to pass on benefits to end users
  • Alternative Fuel Payments, including the Alternative Fuel Payments Discretionary Funding: a one-off payment for households (£200) and non-domestic customers (at least £150) who are not on the mains gas grid and use an alternative fuel (such as heating oil) for heating.

The Energy Prices Act 2022 created powers to set up, or deliver aspects of, each of these schemes. For more information see the Library briefing on the Energy Prices Bill 2022-23.

Key resources

General information on all of the schemes is provided in the Government’s Energy bills support factsheet, updated on 1 November 2022. The policy paper How households and businesses will be supported by the Energy Prices Bill, updated 21 October 2022, also provides a high-level overview of the measures.

Some changes to the new schemes were announced in the Autumn Statement 2022, on 17 November.

The guidance documents referred to in this briefing are current at the time of writing. However, information on the new schemes is being updated frequently, so it is advisable to check the relevant websites, particularly the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy for updates.

Further reading

The following Library briefings provide more information on energy bills and wider support available to help constituents with these:


Documents to download

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