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The UK is one of the leading military donors to Ukraine, alongside the US and Germany.

Financial commitments

The UK has pledged £12.5 billion in support to Ukraine since February 2022, of which £7.6 billion is for military assistance. Funding is being met from the Treasury Reserve and will not come from the Ministry of Defence’s (MOD) main departmental budget. Spending on Ukraine does, however, appear in MOD spending figures towards the end of the financial year as part of the MOD Supplementary Estimates.  

What equipment has the UK provided?

The UK is providing both lethal and non-lethal weaponry and equipment, including tanks, air defence systems and long-range precision strike missiles. While the UK has committed to training Ukrainian fast jet pilots, combat fighter aircraft will not be provided. Military aid to the Ukrainian armed forces is gifted by the UK. Equipment is either donated from existing UK defence stocks, rapidly purchased from the defence industry in both the UK and overseas or purchased from the surplus stocks of foreign governments. Such acquisition is either funded directly or coordinated through mechanisms such as the International Fund for Ukraine, to which the UK has committed money.

Long term training 

The UK is also hosting a training programme (Operation Interflex), which is supported by several allies. The aim was to train 30,000 new and existing Ukrainian personnel by the end of 2023, a target that was reached in November. The aim is to train a further 10,000 personnel by mid-2024. Training was expanded in early 2023 to include Ukrainian fast jet pilots and marines. 

Long term security guarantees 

In July 2023, the members of the G7, including the UK, set out a commitment to providing long term security guarantees to Ukraine (PDF). Those commitments will be set out on a bilateral basis according to each country’s legal and constitutional requirements. On 12 January 2024, the UK became the first country to formalise a long-term security agreement (PDF).

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