The cancellation of exams including GCSEs and A Levels in summer 2020 led to a highly controversial process for issuing grades to students. This paper looks at plans for awarding qualifications in summer 2021. Updated to reflect Ofqual's January 2021 consultation.
The School Holidays (Meals and Activities) Bill 2017-19 is a Private Member’s Bill presented to Parliament by Rt Hon Frank Field MP, and received its First Reading on 5 September 2017.
The Bill would require local authorities to facilitate the delivery of programmes that provide free meals and activities for children during school holidays; and for connected purposes.
Clause 1 of the Bill would give the Secretary of State a power to, through regulations, establish a pilot programme of free meals and activities during school holidays to children in areas of high deprivation in England, facilitated and coordinated by local authorities. The pilot would last no longer than a year. Clause 2 would require a review of the pilot to be carried out and laid before Parliament within a year of the pilot’s conclusion.
Clause 3 would require local authorities to facilitate and coordinate school meals and activities during the school holidays, with the meals provided free of charge for children where requested. Clause 6 provides for regulations to be made to commence this duty.
Clauses 4 and 5 would enable the meals to be produced using surplus food stock from supermarkets and food manufacturers, and set standards for the food to be used, as well as enabling further standards to be set for food delivery and providers.
Clauses 7 to 9 provide definitions, set procedural rules for regulations, and make financial provisions.
As set out in Clause 10, the Bill would extend to England and Wales. This is a devolved area and commencement of the duties in Clause 3 would be a matter for the Welsh Assembly.
PQ response: Government position
The Government has stated in responses to Parliamentary Questions that it is considering the Bill. See for example:
Chris Williamson: To ask the Secretary of State for Education, whether her Department is taking steps to ensure that children in receipt of free school meals do not go hungry over the Christmas period.
- Mr Robert Goodwill: Free school meals are only provided to eligible pupils attending school during term time and schools are not required to provide food for children during the holidays. Some local councils may, however, decide to allocate some of their funding to programmes that help families who find it difficult to provide their children with healthy meals during the holidays.
- We are currently considering the School Holidays (Meals and Activities) Bill, which considers this issue, and will be responding in due course. [PQ 116300, 7 December 2017]
APPG report April 2017
The All-Party Parliamentary Group on Hunger, chaired by Frank Field, published a report in April 2017, Hungry Holidays, which discussed the extent, causes, and impact of children not being adequately fed during the school holidays.
The report also made recommendations for:
- A statutory requirement for local authorities to facilitate and co-ordinate the delivery of free meals and fun for children during school holidays, with utmost flexibility granted over the actual delivery methods used. The voluntary sector should be in the driving seat wherever possible. (pg 7)
The report recommended that the Government allocate £41.5 million to provide these services.
Support for the Bill
The Bill has received cross-party support, which has been picked up in the press. See for example:
- TES, MPs call for new law to tackle holiday hunger among pupils, 30 August 2017
- Huffington Post, Theresa May Urged To Back Bill To Stop Children Going Hungry In School Holidays, 30 August 2017
The Library briefing School meals and nutritional standards (England), SN 04195, provides information on school meals, including free school meal eligibility.
A debate on the UN International Day of Education has been scheduled for Thursday 28 January 2021 in the main House of Commons Chamber. The debate was selected by the Backbench Business Committee and will be led by Harriett Baldwin MP.
On Monday 18 January 2021, there will be an Opposition Day Debate on access to remote education and the quality of free school meals. This landing page highlights some of the available data and also provides links to existing Library and other briefings on these issues.