Latest statistics on UK's trade performance and balance of payments
The motion for debate
The UK is required to send an annual Convergence Programme to the European Commission programme reporting upon its fiscal situation and policies. The requirement comes from Article 121 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). Article 121 forms part of the legal basis for the Stability and Growth Pact.
Section 5 of the European Communities (Amendment) Act 1993 requires that the content of the UK’s submission must be drawn from an assessment of the UK’s economic and budgetary position which has been approved by Parliament. The motion will ask the House to approve the Budget Report and documents from the Office for Budget Responsibility, so that they can form the basis of the UK’s submission:
Debate on a Motion on Section 5 of the European Communities (Amendment) Act 1993
That this House approves, for the purposes of Section 5 of the European Communities (Amendment) Act 1993, the Government’s assessment of the medium term economic and fiscal position as set out in the latest Budget document and the Office for Budget Responsibility’s most recent Economic and Fiscal Outlook and Fiscal Sustainability Report, which forms the basis of the United Kingdom’s Convergence Programme.
On 16 April 2018 the Lords debated a similar motion.
The EU’s Stability and Growth Pact
The Stability and Growth Pact is the EU’s co-ordination mechanism for EU fiscal policies and requires Member States to avoid excessive government deficits. Article 121 and Article 126 of the TFEU from the basis for the Stability and Growth Pact.
Although the UK participates in the Stability and Growth Pact, by virtue of its protocol to the treaty opting out of the euro, it is only required to “endeavour to avoid” excessive deficits. Unlike the euro area Member States, the UK is not subject to sanctions at any stage of the process.
Further information and previous debates
On 29 March 2018, the Chief Secretary to the Treasury, Elizabeth Truss MP, published a written statement on the Convergence Programme and Section 5 of the European Communities (Amendment) Act 1993. Much of its content is replicated above.
Similar motions have been debated in previous years. Links to the two most recent debates are below:
Household debt: Data on the latest household debt statistics, including net lending, mortgage interest rates and insolvencies.
UK Gross Domestic Product: Regularly updated data on growth and forecasts.