The coronavirus pandemic has had a substantial impact on the UK labour market. This briefing provides information on the measures that have been put in place to support people back in to work.
The Library has published several papers on the subject of social care in England.
If an individual organises their social care package via their local authority, their assets are subject to a means test. Currently, an individual with more than £23,250 in assets is expected to pay for their care in full. For more details, the Library has a paper on Social care: paying for care home places and domiciliary care (England).
This system has been a significant issue in recent elections and the Conservative Party has promised reform. The Library paper Social care: the Conservative Party’s 2017 General Election pledges on how individuals pay for care (England) contains more information about these reforms, including a possible cap on costs and a more generous £100,000 means-test capital limit. A consultation paper (Green Paper) on the subject is expected by July 2018. The potential content of this Paper is outlined in the Library briefing: Social care: the forthcoming Green Paper on older people (England).
For more background on this issue, the Library has a paper on Social care: Announcements delaying the introduction of funding reforms (including the cap) (England) – this paper discusses reforms proposed under the Coalition Government and subsequent Conservative Governments. To understand how these reforms would have worked, the Library has a paper on Social care: how the postponed changes to paying for care, including the cap, would have worked (England).
The Library has also published Social care: Government reviews and policy proposals for paying for care since 1997 (England) for more historical information.
For more information about the system elsewhere in the UK, see:
- the Welsh National Assembly’s briefing, Paying for adult social care in Wales: Debate and Reform. The Welsh Government is increasing the amount of capital that a person can keep without having to use this to pay for their residential care: for more details see this press release from April 2018.
- the Scottish Government’s webpages on Charging for Residential Care and Free Personal and Nursing Care (available for those over 65 years old and assessed as needing care).
- the Northern Ireland’s website on Your home, your assets and your residential care or nursing home fees. Citizen’s Advice also has a useful page on Social care and support, which considers the funding of domiciliary care in Northern Ireland.
The Library has also produced papers on other issues within the social care system, including:
- Adult Social Care Funding (England) – this paper looks at the funding pressures facing adult social care services in England. Local authorities have, in recent years, faced funding pressures due to an ageing population and reductions in central Government finance. This paper discusses the impact of these pressures and the introduction of additional short-term, ring-fenced funding introduced by the 2015 and 2017 Conservative Governments.
- Social care: care home market – structure, issues, and cross-subsidisation (England) – this paper outlines the social care market and the issue of ‘cross-subsidisation’ where privately paying customers are charged more than local authority-funded residents to subsidise the latter’s fees.
- Social care: Recent changes to the CQC’s regulation of adult residential care (care homes)
- Health and Social Care Integration
Approaches to social care funding, King’s Fund, February 2018
The adult social care workforce in England, National Audit Office, February 2018
Adult Social Care Inquiry, Communities and Local Government Select Committee, March 2017
State of Care 2016/17, Care Quality Commission, 2017 (in particular pages 52-61)
The state of adult social care services 2014 to 2017, Care Quality Commission, 2017
Older People’s Care Survey 2017, Family and Childcare Trust, 2017
‘Why call it care when nobody cares?’, Age UK, 2016. The results of 127 interviews regarding the quality of social care people have experienced.
The failure of privatised adult social care in England: what is to be done? Centre for Health and the Public Interest, November 2016
Social care for older people, King’s Fund, September 2016
Summary of NHS demand, performance, backlogs, and capacity of services in England. Covers A&E statistics, waiting lists and pressures, ambulance data, delayed discharges, staffing levels including doctors and nurses, and more.
Household debt: Data on the latest household debt statistics, including net lending, mortgage interest rates and insolvencies.