The aviation industry has been under long-term pressure to decarbonise air travel limiting its contribution to climate change. This briefing paper provides an overview and analysis of UK and international policies to decarbonise the aviation sector, including market-based measures, technological solutions and demand management.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted during the 1992 Earth Summit, held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It entered into force in 1994 and has been ratified by 196 States (including both the EU and the UK) which constitute the “Parties” to the Convention. The objective of the Treaty, set out in article 2 of the Convention, is to “stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.”
Every year a Conference of the Parties takes place (known as COPs).
UK’s bid for COP26
Under the UN rules, COP26 will be held in a European country. The UK has bid for COP26 presidency in 2020, in partnership with Italy. Building on previous proposals, the UK has offered to host the COP and Italy the pre-COP event. Turkey has also bid to host COP26.
If the UK is successful, it is expected that the conference will take place at Glasgow’s Scottish Events Campus at the end of 2020.
Former Clean Growth and Energy minister Claire Perry is the UK-nominated president for COP26.
Relevant Library briefings
- Library Briefing paper on Legislating for net zero (27 June 2019)
- Library Briefing paper on Brexit: energy and climate change (5 September 2019)
- Library Briefing paper on Climate change conference (COP24), Katowice, Poland (9 January 2019)
- Library Briefing paper on The Paris Climate Change Conference (27 September 2016)
This briefing considers the approach to housing, energy efficiency and net zero, providing an overview of Government policy and parliamentary comment on the issue.
This briefing paper provides an overview of the existing legal framework for electric scooters (e-scooters). It also analyses the arguments for and against legalising e-scooters on UK roads, drawing on the limited evidence from other countries and cities that have sanctioned their use.