The Data Protection Act 2018 and the UK General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) apply to the use of domestic CCTV. However, the use of cameras for limited household purposes is exempt from the legislation, providing that the field of view is limited to a householder’s own property.

The Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) oversees and enforces data protection law. 

An ICO webpage – Domestic CCTV systems (undated) – explains:

  • the rules for domestic CCTV.
  • what people can do if they are unhappy about being recorded on someone’s domestic CCTV system.
  • what can be done if children are being recorded.
  • when the ICO take action.

The ICO can advise on data protection issues. Contact details are available from the ICO website and include a helpline: 0303 123 1113.

Depending on the specific circumstances, the domestic use of CCTV could be challenged if its use amounted to harassment under the Protection from Harassment Act 1997. Sources of legal advice are set out in the Library Briefing, Legal help: where to go and how to pay.

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