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The Consumer Prices Index (CPI) is the main measure of inflation. It is produced in line with international standards and is the measure used for the Bank of England’s 2% inflation target. The Retail Prices Index (RPI) is no longer classified as a National Statistic as the way it is calculated does not meet international standards. It is included here as it is well-known and is the longest running measure of inflation.

The CPI inflation rate was 2.5% in June 2021, up from 2.1% in May 2021.

The RPI inflation rate was 3.9% in June 2021, up from 3.3% in May 2021. 

Upward contributions from transport, restaurants and hotels, food and non-alcoholic beverages, and clothing and footwear lead to a rise in the headline inflation rate.


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