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The Consumer Prices Index (CPI) is the main measure of inflation. It is produced in line with international standards and is the measure used for the Bank of England’s 2% inflation target. The Retail Prices Index (RPI) is no longer classified as a National Statistic as the way it is calculated does not meet international standards. It is included here as it is well-known and is the longest running measure of inflation.

The CPI inflation rate was 0.5% in September 2020, up from 0.2% in August.

The RPI inflation rate was 1.1% in September 2020, up from 0.5% in August. 

The majority of upward contributions to the CPI rate came from recreation and culture.  Transport costs, and restaurant and café prices, following the end of the Eat Out to Help Out scheme, made the largest upward contributions.


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