Government borrowed £144 billion in 2021/22, according to the ONS’s third provisional estimate, which is equivalent to 6.1% of GDP. Borrowing is around £166 billion lower than in 2020/21.
These provisional figures contain some forecast data and will be revised in the coming months.
Government debt has risen from 83% of GDP at the end of 2019/20 to 96% of GDP at the end of 2021/22.
The Library briefing Spring Statement 2022: A summary gives an overview of the OBR’s March 2022 forecast.
The Library briefing Coronavirus: Effect on the economy and public finances looks at the effect of coronavirus on the public finances.
Definitions and notes
The ONS’s figures for 2020/21 provisional: they’re not final figures and may be revised as provisional data are replaced with final audited data.
Net borrowing – often described as the deficit – is the difference between what the government spends and what it receives in taxes over a particular time period.
Net debt is the total amount that the public sector owes – it is largely the stock of past borrowing.
All figures exclude public sector banks.