A consultation on decriminalising non-payment of the TV licence fee closed on 1 April 2020. This Library Paper looks at the current offence and what's been said on decriminalisation.

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At present, using a television receiver without a valid licence can lead to prosecution, a court appearance and a fine of up to £1,000. In some cases, where there is a refusal to pay the fine and where all other enforcement methods have been tried, a person can be sent to jail.

Decriminalising the offence?

Decriminalising non-payment of the licence fee was looked at in 2014-15. An independent review (the “Perry Review”, July 2015) recommended that the current system of criminal deterrence and prosecution should be maintained for as long as the existing system of licence fee collection was in operation. The Government at the time accepted the recommendation.

DCMS consultation (February 2020)

On 5 February 2020, the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) launched a consultation on decriminalising the offence. The DCMS said that it was right to look at the issue again given “ongoing concerns that the criminal sanction is unfair and disproportionate”. In reaching a decision, the DCMS would consider: 

  • whether an alternative, non-criminal enforcement scheme is fairer and more proportionate;
  • the cost and difficulty to implement any alternative scheme;
  • the potential impact on licence fee payers, particularly the most vulnerable and those with protected characteristics; and
  • the overall impact on licence fee collection.

The consultation closed on 1 April 2020. The Government is analysing the responses.

What has the BBC said?

The BBC’s response was published on 31 March 2020. This sets out the BBC’s position that the “current licence fee system remains fair, effective and good value for money”.

Related Library Briefings

  • Commons Research Briefing SN06860
  • Author: John Woodhouse
  • Topics: Press & Media

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