Documents to download

The National Insurance Contributions Bill 2014-15 has four elements:

• Simplifying NICs paid by the self-employed: the Bill would move the collection of Class 2 NICs into self assessment, for the 2015/16 tax year onwards. This would mean that this category of NICs paid by the self-employed could be collected alongside Class 4 NICs and income tax from April 2016.

• Extending new rules for follower notices & accelerated payments to NICs: under Part 4 of the Finance Act 2014, HMRC may issue ‘follower notices’ when in dispute with a taxpayer over the tax benefit delivered by an avoidance scheme. Where HMRC take the view that the scheme is the same as one that has been reversed in the courts, it may notify the taxpayer and require that they make a pre-payment of the amounts of tax at stake. These monies would be held by HMRC until the taxpayer’s final liability has been determined. HMRC may also require an ‘accelerated payment’ where the taxpayer has used an avoidance scheme reported under the Disclosure of Tax Avoidance Schemes (DOTAS) regime, or a scheme that falls foul of the General Anti-Abuse Rule (GAAR). The Bill would extend HMRC powers to issue follower notices and demand accelerated payments in similar circumstances for NICs.

• Extending new rules for ‘high-risk’ promoters to NICs: under Part 5 of the Finance Act 2014, HMRC may place conditions on the conduct of individual accountancy businesses and other promoters of tax avoidance schemes. Where a promoter breaches the terms of this conduct notice, HMRC has new powers to obtain information and impose penalties. The Bill would extend this regime to NICs.

• Introducing a Targeted Anti-Avoidance Rule for intermediaries: in 2014 the Government introduced new rules to tackle tax avoidance by ‘intermediaries’ – employment businesses or agencies who liaise between workers and client companies using their services. This avoidance activity had consisted in exploiting the way tax and NI rules apply to intermediaries based offshore, and in facilitating false self-employment. Legislation with regard to income tax was included in the Finance Act 2014; equivalent provisions with regard to NICs were made in secondary legislation. The Finance Act 2014 also included a Targeted Anti-Avoidance Rule (TAAR) – legislation to ensure that further false self-employment schemes that sought to circumvent these new rules could be struck down in court. The Bill would provide for a similar TAAR for NICs.

The Bill was published on 17 July, and received a Second Reading on 8 September 2014. The Bill was considered in Public Bill Committee on 21 October, in two sittings. In Committee, the Opposition did not move any amendments, while a number of technical amendments moved by the Government were agreed. The Bill completed its scrutiny in the Lords between 25 November 2014 & 21 January 2015. In general it proved as uncontentious as it had in the Commons, but one important amendment was made.

In his Autumn Statement on 3 December 2014 the Chancellor, George Osborne, announced that the Government would abolish employer NICs for young apprentices. From April 2016 employers of apprentices under the age of 25 will no longer be required to pay secondary Class 1 (employer) NICs on earnings up to the Upper Earnings Limit (UEL), for those employees. This is estimated to cost £105m in 2016/17.

The Government tabled a new clause to the Bill to make provision for this measure, with a number of technical amendments, at the Report stage of the Bill in the Lords on 6 January 2015. These were all agreed, unamended, without a vote, and in turn were agreed by the Commons on 3 February.


Documents to download

Related posts

  • The Troubled Families Programme (TFP) is a programme in England administered by the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG). The programme conducts targeted interventions for families experiencing multiple problems, including crime, anti-social behaviour, truancy, unemployment, mental health problems and domestic abuse. This briefing examines the TFP since 2012, details MHCLG evaluations of the programme, and describes recent commentary and potential future directions for the programme.

  • This paper discusses the way that Parliament scrutinises the Government's proposals for taxation, set out in the annual Budget statement. It looks at how this procedure may be affected by the timing of a General Election, and the decision in 2017 to move the Budget from the Spring to the Autumn. It also provides some suggestions for further reading.