The $100bn target for 2020 has probably been missed and will be a main issue at COP26 in November.
In November 2021, the UK and Italy will jointly host COP26, the 26th Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This conference on climate change is held every year and attended by 196 signatory countries.
The UK is hosting COP26 in Glasgow. Alok Sharma, UK president designate, will lead the negotiations. The main aim of the conference is to agree measures that will keep global temperature increases to below 1.5C.
In February 2021, a study published in Nature revealed that the probability of global temperatures staying below 2 °C of warming was just 5% based on current trends. However, this could rise to 26% if all countries meet their nationally determined contributions and continue to reduce emissions at the same rate after 2030.
Countries attending are being asked to set ambitions targets for 2030 and deliver in four key areas:
- accelerate the phase-out of coal
- curtail deforestation
- speed up the switch to electric vehicles
- encourage investment in renewables.
This Commons Library series looks at how the conference will work, the issues that will be discussed, such as climate finance to developing countries and emissions trends, and progress in different areas in the run up to Glasgow. It also includes briefings giving background to areas including the negotiations and progress in reducing emissions.
Background to COP26 and climate change
MPs debated the role and the response of the devolved administrations to COP26, the international climate change conference to be held in Glasgow in November 2021. The debate took place on Thursday 16 September 2021.
A short introduction to the history of climate change as an intergovernmental political issue, touching on key international treaties and agreements reached along the way.
Historic trends show a sustained rise in global temperatures in the last half century. What are the trends in temperatures and emissions globally and in the UK?
Small Island Developing States are considered some of the most vulnerable in the world to changes in the climate. This briefing discusses potential support.
MPs held a general debate on the UK’s Climate Progress: the Committee on Climate Change’s 2021 Progress Report in Westminster Hall on 21st October 2021. This page provides background to the report and links to further information.
The natural environments of the Overseas Territories are of global significance. This paper describes UK support to help them adapt to climate change.
The briefing describes the potential affects of climate change on development goals, UK aid spending on the climate and key UK projects and their effectiveness.
How many countries have made net zero commitments? And where are they legally binding?