Constituency data: Universal Credit rollout

This page provides constituency statistics on Universal Credit in Great Britain, including our estimate of how far caseload rollout has progressed to date.

Universal Credit (UC) replaces six ‘legacy’ benefits and tax credits for working-age households. The Government first launched UC in 2013 and completed the delivery rollout of the UC Full Service to all Jobcentres in Great Britain by the end of 2018.

It currently expects all households claiming legacy benefits and tax credits to have moved across to UC by 2023, either through natural migration or managed migration. This expansion of UC across the target population of working-age households receiving means-tested support is what we call caseload rollout.

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How do we measure caseload rollout?

Universal Credit is the replacement for six legacy benefits and tax credits:

  • Income-based Jobseeker’s Allowance
  • Income-related Employment and Support Allowance
  • Income Support
  • Housing Benefit for working-age claimants
  • Child Tax Credit
  • Working Tax Credit

Households who are receiving legacy benefits and/or tax credits continue to receive these unless and until:

  • they have a significant change of circumstance triggering a new claim for UC (this is natural migration to UC), or
  • their circumstances don’t change but the DWP moves them across to UC (a process called managed migration, which is being piloted in Harrogate from July 2019)

The varying pace of UC delivery rollout to jobcentres across Great Britain by the end of 2018 means that the proportion of households who are on UC rather than the legacy system varies from area to area. The ongoing pace of caseload rollout will depend on the rate at which households close their legacy claims and open UC claims, or are moved across as part of managed migration.

It is possible to estimate how complete UC caseload rollout is in an area by comparing data on the number of households claiming UC in an area with an estimate of the total number of households still in the legacy system. This is estimated by summing the following caseloads:

In-work households

Out-of-work households

  • Income-based Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA) (source: ONS Nomis Jobseeker’s Allowance 5% sample caseload data)
  • Income-related Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) (source: ONS Nomis)
  • Income Support (source: ONS Nomis)
  • Housing Benefit: claimants aged 16-64 who are not in employment and not ‘passported’ (i.e. not receiving any of the three means-tested out-of-work benefits listed above (source: DWP Stat-xplore)

Data updates

We aim to update most aspects of this dashboard quarterly, in line with data releases from HMRC, the Office for National Statistics and the Department for Work and Pensions, but the data shown here may not be the latest available. MPs and their staff can contact the Commons Library with queries about updates.


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