Business Appointment Rules

Ministers and civil servants leaving office are subject to rules regarding appointment in other sectors. These rules, known as the Business Appointment Rules, exist to prevent former civil servants and ministers being able to profit from their knowledge of and contacts within Whitehall, and to prevent any perception of wrongdoing. The Advisory Committee on Business Appointments (ACoBA) administers the rules.…

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Public Bodies

The European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 provides Ministers with the power to establish new public authorities to carry out functions currently undertaken by EU-wide bodies. This could result in a range of new regulatory bodies. The classification of public bodies in the United Kingdom in the recent past has been the subject of reform policies set out by central Government, with a focus on reduction of overall numbers and guidance on the justification for the creation of new bodies. Both trends are considered in this briefing. …

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European Union (Withdrawal) Bill 2017-19: Commons consideration of Lords amendments

The European Union (Withdrawal) Bill has completed its passage through the House of Lords and is now awaiting Commons consideration of Lords amendments. This paper summarises amendments to the Bill during its passage through Parliament and provides information about procedures for Commons consideration of Lords amendments.…

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Members of the House of Commons since 1979

Since the 1979 General Election, there have been 2,128 people elected to the House of Commons. Of these, 403 have been women and 1,725 have been men.

This publication lists all Members of the House of Commons starting from the 1979 General Election which took place on the 3 May. It is a new edition of our 2010 publication.…

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The European Union (Withdrawal) Bill 2017-19: Summary of Commons Committee Stage

The Committee Stage of the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill was held on the Floor of the House. The Programme Motion, agreed after the conclusion of the Second Reading Debate on 11 September 2017, provided for 8 days of debate. This paper summarises the main areas of debate, commitments made by the Government, and amendments agreed by the Committee of the Whole House.…

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Pre-appointment hearings

This Commons Library briefing paper outlines the role that select committees play in assessing the suitability of the Government’s favoured candidates for a number of public appointments. 

It sets out the guidance for their operation before summarising key hearings of interest, where a committee has raised doubts about the suitability of a candidate.  It also includes information about the introduction of the present system of pre-appointment hearings and highlights research about their effectiveness.…

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Brexit: ‘sufficient progress’ to move to phase 2

This paper looks at the path towards ‘sufficient progress’ in the first phase of Brexit negotiations and the Joint Report agreed by the UK Government and the EU. It focuses on the three priority areas: citizens’ rights, the financial settlement and the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland. The paper also looks at other recent developments and parliamentary consideration of Brexit.…

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