This Briefing Paper illustrates changes that have been made to procedures and practices in response to coronavirus in the House of Commons and a small selection of other parliaments.…Read more
The UK-EU future relationship negotiations are stalled due to the coronavirus pandemic. This Insight examines the timeline for those negotiations. …Read more
What economic support have governments given to businesses and individuals to tackle the impact of the coronavirus? This paper looks at the policies put in place by the EU, governments in Europe, the US and other developed countries.…Read more
The so-called level playing field – rules on competition, state aid, taxation, labour and environmental standards, and climate change – are one of the main causes of disagreement between the UK and EU in the negotiations on their future relationship. This paper explains the commitments that both parties are proposing in these areas in order to come to a deal.…Read more
The UK and EU begin negotiations over their future relationship this week. This paper outlines the UK and EU’s objectives, the main issues of contention and the process being followed in the negotiations …Read more
The UK leaves the EU today (31 January) at 11pm UK time. The Withdrawal Agreement (WA) comes into force immediately. Several features of UK membership will however be maintained during the…Read more
When the UK leaves the EU, UK MEPs will vacate their seats. Some of these seats will be taken up by new MEPs from the remaining 27 EU Member States. This Insight explains the background and impact of those changes to the European Parliament.…Read more
A Westminster Hall debate on ‘Antarctica science and diplomacy’ has been scheduled for Tuesday 28 January 2020, from 2.30-4:00pm. The debate has been initiated by James Gray MP.…Read more
The EU (Withdrawal Agreement) Bill passed its Parliamentary stages on Wednesday, 22 January. This insight sets out the steps required for the Withdrawal Agreement to be ratified by both the UK and EU. …Read more
What are the possible next steps on Brexit in the new Parliament?…Read more
The Private International Law (Implementation of Agreements) Bill 2019-20 was announced in the Queen’s Speech on 19 December 2019.
No date is yet available for second reading.…
This Commons Library research briefing contains a list of commonly-used terms and acronyms that have needed clarification since the United Kingdom voted in the June 2016 EU referendum.…Read more
After Boris Johnson became Prime Minister in July 2019 the Government intensified planning for a no-deal Brexit and stressed its intention to take the UK out of the EU on 31 October with or without a deal. But the UK remained in the EU after 31 October after a further extension of the Article 50 period was agreed with the EU. A no-deal Brexit however remains the default outcome if an agreement is not ratified. This briefing paper provides an overview of Government and EU preparations for a no-deal Brexit, and of recent reports analysing the possible impact of this outcome…Read more
The UK Government and the EU have a agreed a third extension of the Article 50 period. How was that decision reached? What was agreed? And what are the implications of the UK’s ongoing EU membership?…Read more
The UK and EU agreed a revised Political Declaration on the framework for the future UK-EU relationship on 17 October. This Briefing provides an outline of the contents of the Declaration and the key changes in the revised text …Read more
Boris Johnson’s Government have negotiated a new ‘deal’ with the European Union. It is formed of a Political Declaration and a Withdrawal Agreement. This paper focuses on the Withdrawal Agreement and how it compares to the one negotiated by Theresa May’s Government in November 2018.
The main differences are in the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland or the ‘backstop’ as it is commonly known. It contains very different arrangements, the UK will no longer be in a single customs territory or union with the EU. The UK will no longer be legally bound to continue with level playing field commitments at the end of the transition period.
Northern Ireland will still be in the UK’s customs territory and VAT area, however, the region will align with the EU’s rules in these areas. Northern Ireland will remain mostly aligned to the EU’s regulations for goods. Four years after the end of the transition period Northern Ireland’s democratic institutions will vote on whether they wish to continue the arrangements in the Protocol.…Read more