E-cigarettes, or vapes, allow users to inhale nicotine in water vapour rather than in smoke. Data suggests that vaping is becoming more widespread, particularly among children and young people: daily or occasional vaping increased among 16-to-24-year-olds in Great Britain from 11.1% in 2021 to 15.5% in 2022.

Although there is broad consensus that e-cigarettes are less harmful than smoking tobacco, concerns have arisen over their possible long-term effects on health.

The Government announced in the 2023 King’s Speech that it would bring forward a tobacco and vapes bill to restrict the sale and marketing of e-cigarettes to children. The bill would also prevent people born on or after 1 January 2009 from ever being sold tobacco cigarettes, creating a ‘smokefree generation’.

View Commons Library research on tobacco and vaping below.

  • Tobacco and Vapes Bill

    This Bill would prohibit the sale of tobacco to people born on or after 1 January 2009, and enable product requirements to be imposed in connection with tobacco, vapes and other products.

    Tobacco and Vapes Bill
  • Advertising, marketing and promotion of vaping products

    This briefing provides information on the advertising, marketing and promotion of vaping products (e-cigarettes and e-liquids) in England. It considers current regulation under the Tobacco and Related Products Regulations 2016 and the Advertising Codes. It also considers calls for tighter regulation and recent government action.

    Advertising, marketing and promotion of vaping products
  • Shop displays of tobacco and vaping products

    This briefing considers the scope and extent of the prohibition of tobacco displays in shops and the treatment of specialist tobacconists. It also considers recent calls for tighter regulation of the display of vaping products (e-cigarettes and e-liquids) in shops of all sizes to protect children and young people.

    Shop displays of tobacco and vaping products
  • Statistics on Smoking

    This note includes statistics on smoking and e-cigarette use among adults and children and young people. Data on the health impacts of smoking in terms of smoking-related hospital admissions and deaths is also provided, as well as recent estimate of the economic costs associated with smoking.

    Statistics on Smoking