E-cigarettes, or vapes, allow users to inhale nicotine in water vapour rather than in smoke. Data suggests that vaping is becoming more widespread, particularly among children and young people: daily or occasional vaping increased among 16-to-24-year-olds in Great Britain from 11.1% in 2021 to 15.5% in 2022.

Although there is broad consensus that e-cigarettes are less harmful than smoking tobacco, concerns have arisen over their possible long-term effects on health.

The Government announced in the 2023 King’s Speech that it would bring forward a tobacco and vapes bill to restrict the sale and marketing of e-cigarettes to children. The bill would also prevent people born on or after 1 January 2009 from ever being sold tobacco cigarettes, creating a ‘smokefree generation’.

View Commons Library research on tobacco and vaping below.