Rail FAQs

This briefing answers Frequently Asked Questions about the railways in Great Britain, including railway ownership and funding; timetabling; the Williams-Shapps Plan for Rail; ticket fare increases; HS2; Northern Powerhouse Rail; and railway electrification.

Rail FAQs

Aviation FAQs

This briefing answers Frequently Asked Questions about aviation, including complaints; disabled passenger rights, delays and compensation, Brexit, climate change, and noise.

Aviation FAQs
  • Research Briefing

    Northern Powerhouse Rail

    This briefing provides an overview of Northern Powerhouse Rail (NPR), a programme of strategic rail investments designed to improve connectivity between cities and towns in the North of England. The briefing covers the Government's proposed route, cost and schedule for the programme as well as commentary on the Government's proposals.

  • Research Briefing

    The future of rail

    This briefing provides an overview of the Williams-Shapps Plan for Rail, the Government's White Paper on rail reform, and some of the key challenges ahead for the railway in Great Britain, along with an explanation of the arrangements the Government has put in place to ensure services continued to run during the Covid-19 pandemic. This briefing also provides an overview of the current system and how the railway in Great Britain has been structured over the last 30 years.

  • Research Briefing

    Parking in England FAQs

    This briefing answers Frequently Asked Questions about parking policy in England, including council-controlled parking, parking on private land, and parking for disabled people.

  • Research Briefing

    Ports and Shipping FAQs

    This briefing answers Frequently Asked Questions about ports and shipping including devolution, harbour powers, international treaties, decarbonisation, ferry passengers' rights, and seafarers' employment rights.

  • Research Briefing

    Parking policy in England

    This briefing paper summarises parking policy in England: parking on private land; civil parking enforcement on public highways; and parking on private roads.

  • Research Briefing

    Petrol and diesel prices

    Prices of petrol and diesel increased rapidly after Russia invaded Ukraine and reached new records in mid-March 2022. They fell back after the cut in duty, but have since increased again to record highs. In mid-May 2022 the UK had the 9th highest petrol and 4th highest diesel prices in the EU+UK.

  • Research Briefing

    High Speed Rail 2 – an overview

    High Speed Rail 2 (HS2) is an ambitious, yet controversial, project to build a high-speed rail line to connect some of the country's largest cities. This briefing provides an overview of the project’s progress and some of the key issues and arguments for and against HS2.

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