The Government published its 25-year plan to improve the environment on 11 January 2018. This briefing paper provides an overview and background to the plan, picks out key themes and commitments, and provides a summary of stakeholder reaction.
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate to be held in the Commons Chamber on Thursday 7 December 2017 on the UK fishing industry. The subject for this debate has been selected by the Backbench Business Committee, and the debate will be opened by Sheryll Murray MP.
MPs will debate the Future of the rural economy in Wales, led by Ben Lake, on Tuesday 28 November at 4.30pm, in Westminster Hall. This House of Commons Library briefing provides a summary of the issues, statistics and background information for the debate.
This pack has been prepared ahead of the debate to be held in Westminster Hall on Thursday 16 November 2016 from 1.30-3.30pm on World Antibiotics Awareness Week. The subject for the debate has been selected by the Backbench Business Committee and the debate will be opened by Julian Sturdy MP.
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a significant and increasing threat to public health globally. It is estimated that in the US and Europe alone, antimicrobial-resistant infections currently cause at least 50,000 deaths per year with hundreds of thousands more dying in other areas of the world.
Glyphosate was re-approved for use in the EU in November 2017 and the legal act enabling this was adopted in December 2017. This approval was subject to delay as a range of scientific evidence was considered regarding potential health risks with fierce debate over a number of years.
This briefing concentrates on the interaction between bees and a group of insecticides - known as neonicotinoids - which have been in the spotlight after a number of studies yielded evidence (although much of that evidence is contested) of sub-lethal, harmful effects on bees. In July 2015, the UK Government granted an emergency authorisation for the use of restricted neonicotinoids on oil seed rape seeds in four English counties. Similar application for emergency authorisations for 2016 and 2017 were rejected.
The border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland and how it will operate, is one of the three main areas of discussion in the first phase of Brexit negotiations .
This paper sets out the different UK and EU negotiating positions as well as how they both pledge to honour the Good Friday Agreement, and what this pledge commits both sides to.
It looks at how the Northern Irish devolved government is inputting into the talks, and how the confidence and supply deal between the Conservative party and the DUP might impact on the negotiations.
This paper explores how people will move between the two countries, and how the Common Travel Area might be maintained.
It also looks at the complexities of avoiding a 'hard border', the stated position of both the EU and the UK, while still adhering to EU rules on moving goods between itself and countries outside the Single Market and Customs Union.
The UK agriculture and horticulture sectors have long relied on migrant labour. This reliance has increased in recent years due to the seasonal nature of demand and falling unemployment in the UK.
This briefing therefore examines current concerns within the industry about a labour shortage and further concerns about the impact of Brexit might have on labour supply. One solution but forward by some has been the return of the Seasonal Agricultural Workers scheme (or something very like it), and the briefing provides a background on this.
The Seasonal Agricultural Workers scheme is the subject of a Westminster Hall debate on 6 July 2017. The debate is sponsored by Neil Parish, who was chair of the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee in the last Parliament. The Committee produced a report Feeding the nation: labour constraints in April 2017
Key Issues 2017 is a series of short briefings on the topics that will take centre stage in UK and international politics in the new Parliament. Written by impartial Commons Library specialists, these articles are designed to help the reader get up to speed quickly on issues such as; Brexit, the housing crisis, the future of devolution and much more.