The future of rail

This briefing provides an overview of the Williams-Shapps Plan for Rail, the Government's White Paper on rail reform, and some of the key challenges ahead for the railway in Great Britain, along with an explanation of the arrangements the Government has put in place to ensure services continued to run during the Covid-19 pandemic. This briefing also provides an overview of the current system and how the railway in Great Britain has been structured over the last 30 years.

The future of rail

UK Arms Exports Statistics

This briefing paper provides an overview of UK arms exports covering the three main sources of data on the subject. The paper looks at trends over time, the regions of the world where UK defence exports are going, and the type of goods that are being exported.

UK Arms Exports Statistics
  • Research Briefing

    UK defence personnel statistics

    This note provides details on how UK military service personnel statistics are measured and discusses current and historic strength levels. The Army, Naval and RAF Services are examined, as well as the reserve elements of these services. Statistics on the diversity of the military, inflow and outflow rates, and surplus/deficits of strength against targets are discussed. Detailed tables are available in the downloadable PDF.

  • Research Briefing

    Knife crime statistics

    Knife crime is a crime involving an object with a blade or sharp instrument and disproportionately affects young and disadvantaged people.

  • Research Briefing

    Police service strength

    This briefing paper explore police service strength data from the Home Office, Scottish Government, and Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI). Each country receives individual analysis utilising the available data from each police force area and international comparisons where available.