• Research Briefing

    Tax avoidance and tax evasion

    In recent years tax avoidance has been the subject of considerable public concern, although there is no statutory definition of what tax avoidance consists of. Tax avoidance is to be distinguished from tax evasion, where someone acts against the law. By contrast tax avoidance is compliant with the law, though aggressive or abusive avoidance, as opposed to simple tax planning, will seek to comply with the letter of the law, but to subvert its purpose.

  • Research Briefing

    Corporate tax reform

    This note discusses the reforms to corporation tax announced by the Chancellor Rishi Sunak in his Spring 2021 Budget.

  • Debate Pack

    Health and Social Care Levy

    On 7 September 2021 the Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, announced plans to provide an additional £12 billion per year for health and social care on average over the next three years, to be funded by a new, UK-wide 1.25 per cent Health and Social Care Levy (the Levy), to be introduced from April 2022. The Health and Social Care Levy Bill 2021-22 [Bill 160 of 2021-22] was introduced on 8 September 2021.

  • Debate Pack

    Delivery of a new Tobacco Control Plan

    A debate will be held in Westminster Hall at 9.30am on Tuesday 16 November 2021 on the delivery of a new Tobacco Control Plan. The subject for the debate has been nominated by the Backbench Business Committee and the debate will be opened by Bob Blackman MP.

  • Research Briefing

    Air passenger duty: recent debates & reform

    This paper looks at the recent debate on taxing aviation, in the context of concerns about the structure of air passenger duty (APD), the rates of tax, earlier reforms to APD in the 2014 Budget, and the current Government's consultation on aviation tax launched in March 2021. The development of APD since its introduction is set out in two other Commons Briefing papers (CBP413 & CBP6426).

  • Research Briefing

    Taxation in the construction industry

    For over 30 years businesses in the construction industry have operated a special scheme to account for tax on payments made between contractors and subcontractors. After a long period of consultation, the 'Construction Industry Scheme' was reformed in 2007. This note discusses the background to this reform, and recent reforms to tackle VAT fraud in this sector.

  • Research Briefing

    VAT on sanitary protection

    This briefing discusses the way sanitary protection is charged VAT - more specifically, the Labour Government’s introduction of a 5% rate from 1 January 2001, which was then the lowest rate then permissible due to EU VAT rules, and, more recently, with the UK's departure from the EU, the current Government’s introduction of a zero rate from 1 January 2021.

  • Research Briefing

    Corporate tax reform (2010-2020)

    This note discusses the Coalition Government’s approach to corporate tax reform since 2010, focusing on the reductions made to the main rate, the decision to set a single rate of tax, and the reforms made to tax reliefs for capital investment. It goes on to examine the debate over corporate tax avoidance and the international efforts, led by the OECD, to tackle avoidance by multinationals through ‘Base Erosion and Profit Shifting’ (BEPS). It concludes by providing an update on these issues up to the end of 2020.