The most recent census asked people about their ethnic group.  The census was carried out in March 2021 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and in March 2022 in Scotland. This dashboard shows the results for constituencies across the UK.

How are ethnic groups defined in the census?

The census questionnaire included tick-boxes which were grouped under broad headings (eg ‘Asian or Asian British’), with more specific ethnic groups to select underneath (such as ‘Indian’ or ‘Pakistani’). The full list of groups is in the definitions section below.

Respondents could also write in a different ethnic group under any of the broad headings, if theirs wasn’t included in the tick-boxes.

Across England and Wales, 82% of people identified with a White ethnic group, 9% with an Asian ethnic group, 4% with a Black ethnic group, 3% with Mixed or Multiple ethnic groups, and 2% with other ethnic groups.

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Explore constituency data

Use the dropdown menu below to select the constituency you’re interested in and view statistics on the population by ethnic group.

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Definitions

We have aggregated the detailed ethnic groups used in the census data into broader groups that allow for consistent comparisons across the UK, as follows.

White

  • England, Wales and Scotland: all ethnic groups under the ‘White’ heading on the census form.
  • Northern Ireland: respondents ticking ‘White’, ‘Irish Traveller’ or ‘Roma’ on the census form.

Asian

  • England: all ethnic groups under the ‘Asian or Asian British’ heading on the form.
  • Wales: all ethnic groups under the ‘Asian, Asian Welsh or Asian British’ heading on the form.
  • Scotland: all ethnic groups under the ‘Asian, Scottish Asian or British Asian’ heading on the form.
  • Northern Ireland: respondents reported as recording ‘Indian’, ‘Pakistani’, ‘Chinese’, ‘Filipino’ or ‘Other Asian’ ethnicity.

Black, African or Caribbean

  • England: all ethnic groups under the ‘Black, Black British, Caribbean or African’ heading on the form.
  • Wales: all ethnic groups under the ‘Black, Black Welsh, Black British, Caribbean or African’ heading on the form.
  • Scotland: all ethnic groups under the headings ‘African, Scottish African or British African’ and ‘Caribbean or Black’ on the form.
  • Northern Ireland: respondents reported as recording ‘Black African’ or ‘Black Other’ ethnicity.

Mixed or Multiple ethnic groups

  • England, Wales and Scotland: all ethnic groups under the ‘Mixed or Multiple ethnic groups’ heading on the form.
  • Northern Ireland: respondents reporting ‘Mixed ethnic group’ on the form.

Other ethnic groups

  • In all cases, respondents identifying with groups under the ‘Any other ethnic group’ heading on the form.

Sources

England and Wales: Office for National Statistics, 2021 census table TS021

Northern Ireland: Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency, 2021 census table MS-B01

Scotland: Scotland’s census, Search census data, Table UV201

Data updates

This dashboard uses census data. The 2021 and 2022 censuses are currently the only source of constituency-level data on this topic, which means that there aren’t any updates planned for the near future.

2021 census results and analysis

Constituency data and analysis on the 2021 census results from the Commons Library.

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