This briefing paper provides an overview of the existing legal framework for electric scooters (e-scooters). It also analyses the arguments for and against legalising e-scooters on UK roads, drawing on the limited evidence from other countries and cities that have sanctioned their use. …Read more
There will be an Estimates Day debate in the House of Commons on Tuesday 7 July 2020.…Read more
This short briefing paper aims to provide context for provisions in clause 124 of the Pension Schemes Bill 2019/21 that would “require occupational pension schemes to manage the effects of climate change effectively as a financial risk to their investments and to report publicly on how they have done so.”…Read more
Please note: for information on accessing food banks and food parcels during the pandemic please see our briefing Coronavirus: Support for household finances.
For an account of developments in food bank activity over the crisis period see section 7 of this paper, Food Banks in the UK.
Recent research means we have increasing amounts of data on food banks, giving us a fuller picture of their provision across the UK, and providing a more detailed picture of the characteristics of food bank users.
Spot oil prices were just over $40 per barrel in mid June 2020. The crashed after the coronavirus pandemic and subsequent lockdown led to a dramatic cut in demand. Prices fell from almost $70 a barrel in early January to below $20 per barrel in late April 2020. Oil prices peaked in July 2008 at almost $150 per barrel and were in the $100-125 range for much of 2011 to early 2014.…Read more
Climate Change Explainers is a series of Insights by the Commons Library about climate change.…Read more
An overview of the basic concepts underlying greenhouse gas emissions, global warming and climate change, with references to further information and underlying research.…Read more
Historic trends show a sustained rise in global temperatures in the last half century. This Insight explains the trends in temperatures and emissions globally and in the UK.…Read more
A short introduction to the history of climate change as an intergovernmental political issue, touching on key international treaties and agreements reached along the way.…Read more
This Insight explains the role of MPs in driving and scrutinising policy change, including how the landmark Climate Change Act 2008 came into force.…Read more
This Insight examines changes in public attitudes towards climate change and whether climate change activism is also changing.…Read more
This Insight gives an overview of the EU’s approach to climate change, including its global commitments, major policies and possible future direction. It also notes the status of the UK-EU future relationship negotiations in these areas. …Read more
In the UK, health has been identified as one of the six priority areas in need of climate change adaptation policies, but also one of the sectors with “no plans” for long-term climate change. This Insight provides a short introduction to UK adaptation policy, with a spotlight on health. …Read more
This Insight describes the progress made in decarbonising the electricity sector and explores the shifting focus to mitigation in other sectors, where progress has been more limited.…Read more
This Insight sets out what is meant by nature-based solutions in the context of climate change. It also looks at ongoing efforts to integrate them into climate change policies. …Read more
This Insight outlines key discussions around the role of technology in reducing greenhouse gas emissions.…Read more