The Agriculture Bill 2019-21 was given its First Reading on 16 January and Second Reading on 3 February 2020. It completed Committee Stage on 5 March 2020 its remaining Commons stages on 13 May 2020. The Bill received its Second Reading in the Lords on 10 June and commenced its Lords Committee consideration on 7 July 2020.…Read more
This briefing paper provides data on the gender, age, ethnicity and educational backgrounds of Members of Parliament elected at the 2019 General Election and how this has changed over time.…Read more
Statistics on the number of police recorded firearm offences are published by the ONS in the Crime in England & Wales bulletin. Gun related crime statistics are published by the ONS in the Offences involving the use of weapons: data tables.…Read more
This briefing paper explore police service strength data from the Home Office, Scottish Government, and Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI). Each country receives individual analysis utilising the available data from each police force area and international comparisons where available. …Read more
This paper presents an overview of election results since 1918. It provides summary results for all elections from 1918 to 2019, focusing on elections to the House of Commons. …Read more
This briefing sets out the policy background to and provisions in the Direct Payment to Farmers (Legislative Continuity) Bill (2019-20). The Bill received Royal Assent on 30 January 2020. The Act provides powers to Ministers to allow farm support direct payments to continue in 2020 after the UK left the EU. The briefing summarises Parliamentary scrutiny stages of the Bill. …Read more
This debate pack has been compiled ahead of the Motion to approve the Police Grant Report (England and Wales) 2020/21 on Monday 24 February 2020.…Read more
During the election period parties received a total of £30.7 million in registered donations…Read more
This briefing provides statistics on the TV licence fee and general television viewing trends. TV licence fee revenues grew from £3.5 billion in 2010/11 to over £3.7 billion in 2018/19 (in cash terms).Total BBC income in 2018/19 was £4.89 billion. TV licence fee revenues accounted for around 76% of total income. …Read more
Knife crime is a persistent and worrying concern, especially as it impacts particularly upon young people and the disadvantaged, and various remedies have been tried over the years.…Read more
As of July 2019, Labour had 485,000 members, compared to the Conservatives, who had 180,000 members. The SNP had around 125,500 members (December 2018), the Liberal Democrats 115,000 (August 2019), Green Party 48,500 (July 2019), UKIP 29,000 (April 2019) and Plaid Cymru 10,000 (October 2018). Party membership has risen notably since 2013, both in total and as a percentage of the electorate.
This briefing paper will be updated as further information on party membership levels becomes available. …Read more
This briefing paper contains detailed results and analysis of the 2017 General Election, held on 8th June. It provides election results by party & constituency, as well as analysis of voter trends, MP characteristics, and more.…Read more
The House of Commons Library’s Social Mobility Index by Constituency (SMIC) provides an indication of how likely a person from a disadvantaged background in each constituency is to progress to a higher social status later in life. The SMIC compares constituencies in England using 14 variables which represent four life stages: early years, school age, youth, and adulthood.
Brexit requires the UK to have a new agriculture policy. The UK Government and devolved legislatures have set out proposals for supporting farmers whilst enhancing the environment. This Commons Library briefing has been updated ahead of publication of an Agriculture Bill in order to set out the policy context. The Library will provide distinct briefing on the Bill ahead of its Second Reading.
The latest available data shows that SNP membership has surpassed the latest reported Conservative membership figures.…Read more
As the Party Membership Project has suggested: “[p]arty membership is vital for the health of our representative democracy. Members contribute…Read more