Coronavirus: Support for economies by European and other states

What economic support have governments given to businesses and individuals to tackle the impact of the coronavirus? This paper looks at the policies put in place by the EU, governments in Europe, the US and other developed countries.…

Read more

The UK-EU future relationship negotiations: Level playing field

The so-called level playing field – rules on competition, state aid, taxation, labour and environmental standards, and climate change – are one of the main causes of disagreement between the UK and EU in the negotiations on their future relationship. This paper explains the commitments that both parties are proposing in these areas in order to come to a deal.…

Read more

Brexit: the financial settlement – in detail

The financial settlement – often labelled the ‘exit bill’ or ‘divorce bill’ – sets out how the UK and EU are settling their outstanding financial commitments to each other. This briefing covers the settlement in detail including the settlement’s origins, negotiations and the legal form it takes in the Withdrawal Agreement.…

Read more

The UK-EU future relationship negotiations: process and issues

The UK and EU begin negotiations over their future relationship this week. This paper outlines the UK and EU’s objectives, the main issues of contention and the process being followed in the negotiations …

Read more

Constitutional implications of the Withdrawal Agreement legislation

The UK left the EU on 31 January 2020 at 11pm GMT with a ratified Withdrawal Agreement. The changes brought about by Brexit have been implemented predominantly through the EU (Withdrawal) Act 2018 and the EU (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020. This briefing paper explains the constitutional and legal implications of those two Acts, taken together, and what it means for the next part of the Brexit process.…

Read more

UK aid: frequently asked questions

What is aid? What is the UN 0.7% aid target and why has the UK adopted it? Which government departments spend UK aid? What impact does UK aid have? What will be the impact of Brexit on UK aid? These and other questions are answered in an accessible way in this briefing paper.…

Read more

Brexit: a reading list of post-EU Referendum publications by Parliament and the Devolved Assemblies

This reading list brings together briefings on Brexit by the Parliamentary libraries and the Devolved Assembly research services with reports by Parliamentary and Devolved Assembly committees following the result of the EU Referendum on 23 June 2016.…

Read more