Plastic Bags – The single use carrier bag charge

This Commons Library briefing paper provides information on the single use carrier bag charge in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, examines the legal basis for the charge, the exemptions and what will be done with the proceeds of the charge. It also examines the impact of the charges to date.…

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Coronavirus Act: Food supply

The Coronavirus Act provides powers to require information about food supply chains. The Government has said that it is collaborating with the food sector to manage the risk of disruption to supply chains, but that the Act provides powers in case requests for voluntary provision of information were not to be complied with in the future.…

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Shale gas and fracking

A House of Commons Library Briefing Paper providing an overview of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) for shale in the UK, including the latest UK Government moratorium for England, the approach in the devolved Administrations, the regulatory regime (petroleum exploration and development licences, environmental, planning, health and safety), and information on seismic events.…

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Electric vehicles and infrastructure

This paper explains what electric vehicles are and how successive governments have planned for infrastructure and provided vehicle grants and incentives to encourage and accommodate their growth. It also sets out how the electricity grid is preparing to accommodate any increased demand from EV charging and looks at comparative emissions from EVs and conventional vehicles.…

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COP26: the 2020 climate change conference, Glasgow, UK

A Library Briefing Paper on COP 26. This paper covers the lead up to the conference; the Government’s ongoing preparations for COP 26; and key Parliamentary scrutiny and stakeholder commentary. Information on other key international conferences on biodiversity and oceans is also included. It will be updated periodically to reflect developments throughout 2020. …

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Coronavirus Bill: Overview

The Coronavirus Bill (Bill 122 of 2019-21) was introduced to the House of Commons on 19 March 2020. The Bill is part of the Government’s response to the Covid-19 pandemic and is intended to enable the Government to respond to an emergency situation and manage the effects of a pandemic.…

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The UK-EU future relationship negotiations: Level playing field

The so-called level playing field – rules on competition, state aid, taxation, labour and environmental standards, and climate change – are one of the main causes of disagreement between the UK and EU in the negotiations on their future relationship. This paper explains the commitments that both parties are proposing in these areas in order to come to a deal.…

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Commons Library analysis of the Environment Bill 2019-20

A Commons Library analysis of the Environment Bill 2019-20. The Bill was given its first reading on 30 January 2020 and passed its second reading without division on 26 February 2020. Committee stage started on 10 March 2020 but was adjourned on 19 March due to the impact of Coronavirus. The Public Bill Committee is suspended until a time and date to be fixed by the Chair of the committee. …

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The UK-EU future relationship negotiations: process and issues

The UK and EU begin negotiations over their future relationship this week. This paper outlines the UK and EU’s objectives, the main issues of contention and the process being followed in the negotiations …

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