This briefing considers the approach to housing, energy efficiency and net zero, providing an overview of Government policy and parliamentary comment on the issue.…Read more
This briefing paper provides an overview of the existing legal framework for electric scooters (e-scooters). It also analyses the arguments for and against legalising e-scooters on UK roads, drawing on the limited evidence from other countries and cities that have sanctioned their use. …Read more
This page summarises the Commons Library publications on energy policy. The overview briefing paper provides background on energy in the UK, the basis for energy policy, and a timeline of significant developments in energy policy. …Read more
This note considers how much the UK contributes to the EU budget and how much it receives back. Potential payments to the EU on or after Brexit – such as the exit bill – are also discussed. …Read more
This paper provides an update on the UK-EU future relationship negotiations following intensified negotiations in June and July 2020. It explores the prospects for an agreement in time for the end of the post-Brexit transition period on 31 December…Read more
This Commons Library briefing paper summarises current progress on nuclear power, including conventional reactors, advanced designs, waste disposal, and nuclear research. …Read more
The Agriculture Bill 2019-21 was given its First Reading on 16 January and Second Reading on 3 February 2020. It completed Committee Stage on 5 March 2020 its remaining Commons stages on 13 May 2020. The Bill received its Second Reading in the Lords on 10 June and commenced its Lords Committee consideration on 7 July 2020.…Read more
This Insight will examine the how the issue of air quality is tied up with Brexit negotiations and the coronavirus pandemic.…Read more
This is a reading list of publications on the UK’s withdrawal from the EU and future UK-EU relations from library, research services and committees of the UK and devolved parliaments and assemblies.…Read more
Please note: for information on accessing food banks and food parcels during the pandemic please see our briefing Coronavirus: Support for household finances.
For an account of developments in food bank activity over the crisis period see section 7 of this paper, Food Banks in the UK.
Recent research means we have increasing amounts of data on food banks, giving us a fuller picture of their provision across the UK, and providing a more detailed picture of the characteristics of food bank users.
This short briefing paper aims to provide context for provisions in clause 124 of the Pension Schemes Bill 2019/21 that would “require occupational pension schemes to manage the effects of climate change effectively as a financial risk to their investments and to report publicly on how they have done so.”…Read more
Climate Change Explainers is a series of Insights by the Commons Library about climate change.…Read more
An overview of the basic concepts underlying greenhouse gas emissions, global warming and climate change, with references to further information and underlying research.…Read more
Historic trends show a sustained rise in global temperatures in the last half century. This Insight explains the trends in temperatures and emissions globally and in the UK.…Read more
A short introduction to the history of climate change as an intergovernmental political issue, touching on key international treaties and agreements reached along the way.…Read more
This Insight explains the role of MPs in driving and scrutinising policy change, including how the landmark Climate Change Act 2008 came into force.…Read more