Oil Prices

Spot oil prices were just over $40 per barrel in mid June 2020. The crashed after the coronavirus pandemic and subsequent lockdown led to a dramatic cut in demand. Prices fell from almost $70 a barrel in early January to below $20 per barrel in late April 2020. Oil prices peaked in July 2008 at almost $150 per barrel and were in the $100-125 range for much of 2011 to early 2014.…

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Coronavirus: Support for household finances

This Commons Library briefing paper outlines the measures introduced by the Government, and other authorities, to support household finances during the coronavirus (Covid-19) outbreak.…

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The UK-EU future relationship negotiations: Level playing field

The so-called level playing field – rules on competition, state aid, taxation, labour and environmental standards, and climate change – are one of the main causes of disagreement between the UK and EU in the negotiations on their future partnership. This paper explains the commitments that both parties are proposing in these areas in order to come to a deal.…

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Economic regulation of the water industry in England and Wales

This briefing paper provides an overview of the economic regulation of the water industry in England and Wales. It provides an overview of the price review process that sets customer bills and water company service targets every 5-years. It includes a summary of the 2019 price review that followed increasing public scrutiny of the sector.…

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The UK-EU future relationship negotiations: summary of positions

The tables in this paper provide a summary of the UK and EU positions in the future relationship negotiations, based on their proposed draft treaty texts and other publicly available statements…

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The UK-EU future relationship: the March 2020 EU draft treaty and negotiations update

This paper provides an update on the first three rounds of negotiations on the future UK-EU relationship and analysis of the draft new partnership treaty tabled by the EU in March 2020…

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Co-operative and Community Benefit Societies (Environmentally Sustainable Investment) Bill 2019-20

The Co-operative and Community Benefit Societies (Environmentally Sustainable Investment) Bill 2019-20 was introduced by Anna McMorrin MP following the Private Members’ Bills Ballot on 9 January 2020. First reading took place on 5 February 2020 and the Bill’s second reading is due on 2 July 2020.…

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